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Effects of altitude on county economic development in China
Zhu Fu-biao1,2; Fang Yi-ping1,3; Yang Xue-ting1,2; Qiu Xiao-ping1,2; Yu Hu4,5
2018-02-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE
ISSN1672-6316
Volume15Issue:2Pages:406-418
Corresponding AuthorFang Yi-ping(ypfang@imde.ac.cn)
AbstractMountain regions play an increasingly essential role in global sustainable development, and the related sustainable development issues have attracted increasing attention. There are obvious vertical spatial differentiation phenomena in both natural and socio-economic fields with altitude being a key factor affecting the economic development of mountain regions. However, the exact influence of altitude is still unknown. Based on the county scale, this paper used the gravitational potential energy model to evaluate the effects of altitude on economic development in China. The results indicate that the high-altitude areas were the depression areas of county economic development, and county economic density showed a decreasing trend with the increase of altitude. County economic density respectively decreased by 0.10%, 0.04% and 0.02% with every 1% increase in altitude in 2000, 2005 and 2010. Here we demonstrate that high altitude has negative effect on county economy, although the negative effect presented a downward trend. The results also showed that increasing capital and labor investments could reduce the negative effect of high altitude on county economy. In 2010, with every 1% increase in capital and labor density, county economic density increased by 0.62% and 0.83%, respectively. The effects of altitude were the results of multidimensional factors. The fundamental approach to reduce the negative effects of high altitude is to combine the ecological environment and resources to develop characteristic industries. The construction of infrastructure should be strengthened, which can promote the occurrence of the contra-flow of people, logistics and capital, and promote the balanced development of county economy.
KeywordMountain region County economy Altitude Vertical differentiation Gravitational potential energy Balanced development
DOI10.1007/s11629-017-4393-0
WOS KeywordCLIMATE-CHANGE ; MOUNTAIN REGIONS ; LAND-USE ; ELEVATION GRADIENTS ; CHANGE PATTERNS ; DEGRADATION ; INDUSTRY ; IMPACT ; FOREST ; NEPAL
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41571523] ; National Science and Technology Support Program[2014BAC05B01] ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program of China (973 Program)[2013CBA01808]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Science and Technology Support Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program of China (973 Program)
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000425160200015
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/56985
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorFang Yi-ping
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu Fu-biao,Fang Yi-ping,Yang Xue-ting,et al. Effects of altitude on county economic development in China[J]. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,2018,15(2):406-418.
APA Zhu Fu-biao,Fang Yi-ping,Yang Xue-ting,Qiu Xiao-ping,&Yu Hu.(2018).Effects of altitude on county economic development in China.JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,15(2),406-418.
MLA Zhu Fu-biao,et al."Effects of altitude on county economic development in China".JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 15.2(2018):406-418.
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