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Spatial and temporal distribution of Neolithic sites in coastal China: Sea level changes, geomorphic evolution and human adaption
Zheng HongBo1; Zhou YouSheng2; Yang Qing1,2; Hu ZhuJun2; Ling GuangJiu2; Zhang JuZhong3; Gu ChunGuang3; Wang YingYing2; Cao YeTing2; Huang XianRong2; Cheng Yue2; Zhang XiaoYu2; Wu WenXiang4
2018-02-01
Source PublicationSCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES
ISSN1674-7313
Volume61Issue:2Pages:123-133
Corresponding AuthorZheng HongBo(zhenghb@ynu.edu.cn) ; Yang Qing(yangqing@njnu.edu.cn)
AbstractThe East China coastal plain is one of the most important Neolithic culture areas in China, where rich archaeological sites including those producing the earliest domesticated rice are observed. It is also a place where landscape has experienced dramatic evolution during the Holocene when both sea level and climate changed, such that it is an ideal place for studying human-environment interaction. This study investigated over 2000 sites of pre-history and Shang and Zhou Dynasties, with 655 of which being Neolithic ages, by using DEM and GIS methods. The results suggest that the spatial and temporal distribution of Neolithic sites has largely been controlled by landscape evolution (particularly changes in coastal line), which ultimately governed by sea level changes. During early Holocene, Neolithic sites sparsely distributed in the intermountain basins of east Zhejiang Province, far from the influence of ocean. Over the period of 9-7 ka, the coastal plain (including the shelf) was largely submerged, only the feet of low hills to the south and southwest of the study area, and islands protruding the estuary, cradled limited number of settlements with characteristic "maritime components". At about 7 ka, sea level rise decelerated prominently, while sediments supply in the drainage remained high value, the combination of which led to land formation and propagation. Vast space during this period facilitated the growth of settlements in both size and number. In the mean time, however, the coastal plain was vulnerable to extreme environmental events such as storms and flooding owning to its geomorphic nature, which exerted great influence on the rise and fall of Neolithic culture.
KeywordEast China coastal plain Neolithic Spatial and temporal distribution of Neolithic sites Sea level change Geomorphic evolution
DOI10.1007/s11430-017-9121-y
WOS KeywordLAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM ; YANGTZE DELTA ; EARLY AGRICULTURE ; LATE QUATERNARY ; EAST CHINA ; HOLOCENE ; DOMESTICATION ; RIVER ; RISE ; MIDHOLOCENE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Basic Research Program of China[2015CB953803] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41672344] ; CAS Strategic Priority Research Program[XDB03020301]
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Strategic Priority Research Program
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000424032300001
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/56930
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorZheng HongBo; Yang Qing
Affiliation1.Yunnan Univ, Res Ctr Earth Syst Sci, Kunming 650504, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Geog Sci, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Univ Sci & Technol China, Dept Hist Sci & Sci Archaeol, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zheng HongBo,Zhou YouSheng,Yang Qing,et al. Spatial and temporal distribution of Neolithic sites in coastal China: Sea level changes, geomorphic evolution and human adaption[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,2018,61(2):123-133.
APA Zheng HongBo.,Zhou YouSheng.,Yang Qing.,Hu ZhuJun.,Ling GuangJiu.,...&Wu WenXiang.(2018).Spatial and temporal distribution of Neolithic sites in coastal China: Sea level changes, geomorphic evolution and human adaption.SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,61(2),123-133.
MLA Zheng HongBo,et al."Spatial and temporal distribution of Neolithic sites in coastal China: Sea level changes, geomorphic evolution and human adaption".SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES 61.2(2018):123-133.
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