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Urbanization, economic growth, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions: Empirical evidence from countries with different income levels
Wang, Shaojian1; Li, Guangdong2; Fang, Chuanglin2
2018
Source PublicationRENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS
ISSN1364-0321
Volume81Pages:2144-2159
Corresponding AuthorLi, Guangdong(ligd@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Fang, Chuanglin(fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractThe growth of anthropogenic CO2 emissions has been widely attributed to the combustion of energy in support of human activities associated with economic development. While the link between urbanization, economic growth, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions has, as a result, received considerable multidisciplinary scholarly attention, little work has been undertaken with respect to the how differences in the development stages or income levels of the countries studied may affect these relations. Here, we empirically explore the link between urbanization, economic development, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions, specifically taking into account the different income levels of the countries studied. A series of panel data models and a balanced dataset for a panel of 170 countries were utilized in the study, which took the period of 1980-2011 into consideration. The result of panel cointegration tests suggested that a cointegration relationship existed between variables in all the countries studied, and that a statistically significant positive relationship existed between the variables employed in the long run. The results of a Granger causality test based on the Vector Error-Correction Model (VECM) provided evidence of varied Granger causality relationships between the variables across the income-based subpanels. Moreover, we also undertook an impulse response and variance decomposition analysis that allowed us to forecast the impacts of economic growth, urbanization, and energy consumption on future CO2 emissions during the period surveyed. Our results cast a new light on the importance of a country's development stage and income level for government policy decisions relating to the reduction of CO2 emissions.
KeywordUrbanization Economic growth Energy consumption CO2 emissions Panel causality Income level countries
DOI10.1016/j.rser.2017.06.025
WOS KeywordPANEL-DATA ANALYSIS ; CARBON-DIOXIDE EMISSIONS ; ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE ; FOREIGN DIRECT-INVESTMENT ; TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS ; ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ; CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP ; ERROR-CORRECTION ; ASIAN COUNTRIES ; TRADE OPENNESS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41590842] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41601151] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41501175] ; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province[2016A030310149] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[16lgpy08]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS SubjectGREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ; Energy & Fuels
WOS IDWOS:000417078200040
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:37[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/56825
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLi, Guangdong; Fang, Chuanglin
Affiliation1.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Geog & Planning, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Urbanizat & Geosimulat, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Shaojian,Li, Guangdong,Fang, Chuanglin. Urbanization, economic growth, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions: Empirical evidence from countries with different income levels[J]. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS,2018,81:2144-2159.
APA Wang, Shaojian,Li, Guangdong,&Fang, Chuanglin.(2018).Urbanization, economic growth, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions: Empirical evidence from countries with different income levels.RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS,81,2144-2159.
MLA Wang, Shaojian,et al."Urbanization, economic growth, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions: Empirical evidence from countries with different income levels".RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS 81(2018):2144-2159.
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