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Growing water scarcity, food security and government responses in China
Wang, Jinxia1,2; Li, Yanrong1,3; Huang, Jikun1,2; Yan, Tingting4; Sun, Tianhe1,3
2017-09-01
Source PublicationGLOBAL FOOD SECURITY-AGRICULTURE POLICY ECONOMICS AND ENVIRONMENT
ISSN2211-9124
Volume14Pages:9-17
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jinxia(jxwang.ccap@pku.edu.cn)
AbstractChina's food production depends highly on irrigation, but irrigated agriculture has been threatened by increasing water scarcity. As such, the overall goal of this study is to provide a better understanding of the changing trends in water supply and demand balance, their impacts on food production, and government policy responses. The results show that water scarcity in China is a regional issue, mainly in northern areas. This is reflected in the limited and uneven distribution of water resources, decline of surface water resources, depletion of groundwater resources, degradation of water quality and increasing water demand. Climate change has further aggravated water scarcity in several river basins in northern China, resulting in the reduction of irrigated areas and a fall in food production. Consequently, the Chinese government has tried to control total water withdrawal, improve water use efficiency, and control water pollution. While these policy responses are encouraging, their effectiveness in resolving the growing water scarcity in China needs to be examined.
KeywordWater scarcity Water supply Water demand Climate change Government response
DOI10.1016/j.gfs.2017.01.003
WOS KeywordYELLOW-RIVER BASIN ; NORTH CHINA ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; GROUNDWATER CRISIS ; INCENTIVES ; MANAGEMENT ; REFORM ; FARMERS ; AGRICULTURE ; TECHNOLOGY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Sciences Foundation in China[71161140351] ; National Natural Sciences Foundation in China[91325302] ; National Natural Sciences Foundation in China[71333013] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y02015004] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[KSZD-EW-Z-021-1]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Sciences Foundation in China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaFood Science & Technology
WOS SubjectFood Science & Technology
WOS IDWOS:000417151100002
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/56819
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jinxia
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Ctr Chinese Agr Policy, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Adv Agr Sci, China Ctr Agr Policy, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Minist Water Resources, Dev Res Ctr, Beijing 100038, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Jinxia,Li, Yanrong,Huang, Jikun,et al. Growing water scarcity, food security and government responses in China[J]. GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY-AGRICULTURE POLICY ECONOMICS AND ENVIRONMENT,2017,14:9-17.
APA Wang, Jinxia,Li, Yanrong,Huang, Jikun,Yan, Tingting,&Sun, Tianhe.(2017).Growing water scarcity, food security and government responses in China.GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY-AGRICULTURE POLICY ECONOMICS AND ENVIRONMENT,14,9-17.
MLA Wang, Jinxia,et al."Growing water scarcity, food security and government responses in China".GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY-AGRICULTURE POLICY ECONOMICS AND ENVIRONMENT 14(2017):9-17.
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