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MIDHOLOCENE CLIMATES AND ENVIRONMENTS IN CHINA
SHI, YF; KONG, ZZ; WANG, SM; TANG, LY; WANG, FB; YAO, TD; ZHAO, XT; ZHANG, PY; SHI, SH
1993-05-01
Source PublicationGLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE
ISSN0921-8181
Volume7Issue:1-3Pages:219-233
Corresponding AuthorSHI, YF()
AbstractThis paper focuses mainly on the climatic and environmental variations from 8.5 to 3 ka B.P. with particular reference to one stable warmer and wetter millennium (7.2-6 ka B.P.). Some large-scale centennial warming was accompanied by an increase in precipitation owing to the expansion of the monsoon circulation, e.g. rapid warming during the period from 8.5 to 8.3 ka B.P. and was reflected in the high level of some inland lakes and the sudden expansion of vegetation in pollen diagrams. The growth of the Neolithic culture with agriculture and settlement in the present semi-arid area of Northwest China was undoubtedly related to the dramatic warming and wetting before 8 ka B.P. According to the proxy data of palynological studies, the deviation of annual mean temperature from today's about 7-6 ka B.P. was roughly estimated at about 1-degrees-C in South China, 2-degrees-C in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Valley, 3-degrees-C in North China and Northeast China. The strongest warming by 4-5-degrees-C was recorded in Oinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau. The winter temperature rise was much greater than the annual average temperature. In the eastern half of China, the vegetation zones are mainly parallel to the latitude. During the climax of the Holocene warm period, the northern limit of the tropical monsoonal rain forest shifted less than 1-degrees of latitude northward, the subtropical broad-leaved evergreen forest about 1-degrees of latitude, the north subtropical deciduous and evergreen broad-leaved mixed forest about 3-degrees of latitude in the coastal area but only 1-1.5-degrees of latitude in mid-West China and the warm temperate deciduous forest moved 4-degrees of latitude northward, greatly expanding its distribution. Further north, the cool temperate boreal forest withdrew from its southern boundary by about 2-degrees of latitude. Global climatic warming in the mid-Holocene resulted in a sea-level rise. During the period from 6 to 5 ka BP. the sea-level was about 1-3 m higher than the present level. Large area of coastal lowland was submerged by sea water and frequency of occurrence of storm surges also increased during the high sea-level period.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:A1993LH65700018
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/56556
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorSHI, YF
Affiliation1.CHINESE ACAD SCI,INST BOT,BEIJING,PEOPLES R CHINA
2.CHINESE ACAD SCI,NANJING INST GEOG & LIMNOL,LAKE SEDIMENT & ENVIRONM LAB,NANJING,PEOPLES R CHINA
3.CHINESE ACAD SCI,NANJING INST GEOL & PALEONTOL,NANJING,PEOPLES R CHINA
4.NANJING UNIV,DEPT GEOL & OCEAN SCI,NANJING,PEOPLES R CHINA
5.CHINESE ACAD SCI,INST GEOL,BEIJING,PEOPLES R CHINA
6.CHINESE ACAD SCI,INST GEOG,BEIJING,PEOPLES R CHINA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
SHI, YF,KONG, ZZ,WANG, SM,et al. MIDHOLOCENE CLIMATES AND ENVIRONMENTS IN CHINA[J]. GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE,1993,7(1-3):219-233.
APA SHI, YF.,KONG, ZZ.,WANG, SM.,TANG, LY.,WANG, FB.,...&SHI, SH.(1993).MIDHOLOCENE CLIMATES AND ENVIRONMENTS IN CHINA.GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE,7(1-3),219-233.
MLA SHI, YF,et al."MIDHOLOCENE CLIMATES AND ENVIRONMENTS IN CHINA".GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE 7.1-3(1993):219-233.
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