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Effect of Parental Migration on the Academic Performance of Left Behind Children in North Western China
Bai, Yu1; Zhang, Linxiu2; Liu, Chengfang3; Shi, Yaojiang1; Mo, Di4; Rozelle, Scott4
2018
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
ISSN0022-0388
Volume54Issue:7Pages:1154-1170
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Chengfang(cfliu.ccap@pku.edu.cn)
AbstractChina's rapid urbanisation has induced large numbers of rural residents to migrate from their homes in the countryside to urban areas in search of higher wages. As a consequence, it is estimated that more than 60 million children in rural China are left behind and live with relatives, typically their paternal grandparents. These children are called Left Behind Children (LBCs). There are concerns about the potential negative effects of parental migration on the academic performance of the LBCs that could be due to the absence of parental care. However, it might also be that when a child's parents work away from home, their remittances can increase the household's income and provide more resources and that this can lead to better academic performance. Hence, the net impact of out-migration on the academic performance of LBCs is unclear. This paper examines changes in academic performance before and after the parents of students out-migrate. We draw on a panel dataset collected by the authors of more than 13,000 students at 130 rural primary schools in ethnic minority areas of rural China. Using difference-in-differences and propensity score matching approaches, our results indicate that parental migration has significant, positive impacts on the academic performance of LBCs (which we measure using standardised English test scores). Heterogeneous analysis using our data demonstrates that the positive impact on LBCs is greater for poorer performing students.
DOI10.1080/00220388.2017.1333108
WOS KeywordLEFT-BEHIND CHILDREN ; RURAL CHINA ; PROPENSITY SCORE ; INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION ; LABOR MIGRATION ; IMPACT ; REMITTANCES ; BREAKFAST ; CAUSAL ; ESTIMATORS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectChinese Academy of Sciences[Y02015004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[71333012] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[71473240] ; 111 Project[B16031]
Funding OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; 111 Project
WOS Research AreaBusiness & Economics ; Public Administration
WOS SubjectEconomics ; Planning & Development
WOS IDWOS:000430489200007
PublisherROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/54983
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Chengfang
Affiliation1.Shaanxi Normal Univ, CEEE, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Ctr Chinese Agr Policy, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Sch Adv Agr Sci, China Ctr Agr Policy, Yiheyuan Rd 5, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Stanford Univ, Freeman Spogli Inst Int Studies, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bai, Yu,Zhang, Linxiu,Liu, Chengfang,et al. Effect of Parental Migration on the Academic Performance of Left Behind Children in North Western China[J]. JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES,2018,54(7):1154-1170.
APA Bai, Yu,Zhang, Linxiu,Liu, Chengfang,Shi, Yaojiang,Mo, Di,&Rozelle, Scott.(2018).Effect of Parental Migration on the Academic Performance of Left Behind Children in North Western China.JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES,54(7),1154-1170.
MLA Bai, Yu,et al."Effect of Parental Migration on the Academic Performance of Left Behind Children in North Western China".JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES 54.7(2018):1154-1170.
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