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Combination of CFCs and stable isotopes to characterize the mechanism of groundwater-surface water interactions in a headwater basin of the North China Plain
Wang, Shiqin1; Yuan, Ruiqiang2; Tang, Changyuan3,6; Song, Xianfang4; Currell, Matthew5; Yang, Zhenglun6; Sheng, Zhuping7
2018-05-30
Source PublicationHYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES
ISSN0885-6087
Volume32Issue:11Pages:1571-1587
Corresponding AuthorWang, Shiqin(sqwang@sjziam.ac.cn)
AbstractMountainous areas are characterized by steep slopes and rocky landforms, with hydrological conditions varying rapidly from upstream to downstream, creating variable interactions between groundwater and surface water. In this study, mechanisms of groundwater-surface water interactions within a headwater catchment of the North China Plain were assessed along the stream length and during different seasons, using hydrochemical and stable isotope data, and groundwater residence times estimated using chlorofluorocarbons. These tracers indicate that the river is gaining, due to groundwater discharge in the headwater catchment both in the dry and rainy seasons. Residence time estimation of groundwater using chlorofluorocarbons data reveals that groundwater flow in the shallow sedimentary aquifer is dominated by the binary mixing of water approximating a piston flow model along 2 flow paths: old water, carried by a regional flow system along the direction of river flow, along with young water, which enters the river through local flow systems from hilly areas adjacent to the river valley (particularly during the rainy season). The larger mixing ratio of young water from lateral groundwater recharge and return flow of irrigation during the rainy season result in higher ion concentrations in groundwater than in the dry season. The binary mixing model showed that the ratio of young water versus total groundwater ranged from 0.88 to 0.22 and 1.0 to 0.74 in the upper and lower reaches, respectively. In the middle reach, meandering stream morphology allows some loss of river water back into the aquifer, leading to increasing estimates of the ratio of young water (from 0.22 to 1). This is also explained by declining groundwater levels near the river, due to groundwater extraction for agricultural irrigation. The switch from a greater predominance of regional flow in the dry season, to more localized groundwater flow paths in the wet season is an important groundwater-surface water interactions mechanism, with important catchment management implications.
KeywordCFCs concentrations groundwater-surface water interaction headwater basin North China Plain stable isotopes
DOI10.1002/hyp.11494
WOS KeywordMULTI-TRACER APPROACH ; COLORADO RIVER-BASIN ; TEMPORAL VARIATION ; RESIDENCE TIME ; ENVIRONMENTAL TRACERS ; HYDROCHEMICAL DATA ; FLOW ; CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS ; SYSTEM ; AGE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41471028] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41530859]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaWater Resources
WOS SubjectWater Resources
WOS IDWOS:000434115300005
PublisherWILEY
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/54927
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Shiqin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Genet & Dev Biol, Ctr Agr Resources Res, Key Lab Agr Water Resources, Shijiazhuang 050021, Hebei, Peoples R China
2.Shanxi Univ, Sch Environm Sci Resources, Taiyuan 030006, Shanxi, Peoples R China
3.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Proc, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.RMIT Univ, Sch Engn, Melbourne, Vic 3001, Australia
6.Chiba Univ, Fac Hort, Matsudo, Chiba 2718510, Japan
7.Texas A&M Agrilife Res Ctr, El Paso, TX 79927 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Shiqin,Yuan, Ruiqiang,Tang, Changyuan,et al. Combination of CFCs and stable isotopes to characterize the mechanism of groundwater-surface water interactions in a headwater basin of the North China Plain[J]. HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES,2018,32(11):1571-1587.
APA Wang, Shiqin.,Yuan, Ruiqiang.,Tang, Changyuan.,Song, Xianfang.,Currell, Matthew.,...&Sheng, Zhuping.(2018).Combination of CFCs and stable isotopes to characterize the mechanism of groundwater-surface water interactions in a headwater basin of the North China Plain.HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES,32(11),1571-1587.
MLA Wang, Shiqin,et al."Combination of CFCs and stable isotopes to characterize the mechanism of groundwater-surface water interactions in a headwater basin of the North China Plain".HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES 32.11(2018):1571-1587.
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