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Impacts of climate change and climate extremes on major crops productivity in China at a global warming of 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C
Chen, Yi1; Zhang, Zhao2; Tao, Fulu1,3
2018-05-18
Source PublicationEARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS
ISSN2190-4979
Volume9Issue:2Pages:543-562
Corresponding AuthorTao, Fulu(taofl@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractA new temperature goal of "holding the increase in global average temperature well below 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels" has been established in the Paris Agreement, which calls for an understanding of climate risk under 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C warming scenarios. Here, we evaluated the effects of climate change on growth and productivity of three major crops (i.e. maize, wheat, rice) in China during 2106-2115 in warming scenarios of 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C using a method of ensemble simulation with well-validated Model to capture the Crop-Weather relationship over a Large Area (MCWLA) family crop models, their 10 sets of optimal crop model parameters and 70 climate projections from four global climate models. We presented the spatial patterns of changes in crop growth duration, crop yield, impacts of heat and drought stress, as well as crop yield variability and the probability of crop yield decrease. Results showed that climate change would have major negative impacts on crop production, particularly for wheat in north China, rice in south China and maize across the major cultivation areas, due to a decrease in crop growth duration and an increase in extreme events. By contrast, with moderate increases in temperature, solar radiation, precipitation and atmospheric CO2 concentration, agricultural climate resources such as light and thermal resources could be ameliorated, which would enhance canopy photosynthesis and consequently biomass accumulations and yields. The moderate climate change would slightly worsen the maize growth environment but would result in a much more appropriate growth environment for wheat and rice. As a result, wheat, rice and maize yields would change by +3.9 (+8.6), +4.1 (+9.4) and +0.2% (-1.7 %), respectively, in a warming scenario of 1.5 degrees C (2.0 degrees C). In general, the warming scenarios would bring more opportunities than risks for crop development and food security in China. Moreover, although the variability of crop yield would increase from 1.5 degrees C warming to 2.0 degrees C warming, the probability of a crop yield decrease would decrease. Our findings highlight that the 2.0 degrees C warming scenario would be more suitable for crop production in China, but more attention should be paid to the expected increase in extreme event impacts.
DOI10.5194/esd-9-543-2018
WOS KeywordCARBON-DIOXIDE CONCENTRATION ; PAST 3 DECADES ; WHEAT GROWTH ; RICE YIELD ; WATER-USE ; TEMPERATURE STRESS ; CO2 CONCENTRATIONS ; PHOTOSYNTHESIS ; RESPONSES ; TRENDS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFD0300301] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFD0300201] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31761143006] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31561143003] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41571493] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41571088]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000432491100002
PublisherCOPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/54871
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorTao, Fulu
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Geog Sci, State Key Lab Earth Surface Proc & Resource Ecol, Key Lab Environm Change & Nat Hazards, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Yi,Zhang, Zhao,Tao, Fulu. Impacts of climate change and climate extremes on major crops productivity in China at a global warming of 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C[J]. EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS,2018,9(2):543-562.
APA Chen, Yi,Zhang, Zhao,&Tao, Fulu.(2018).Impacts of climate change and climate extremes on major crops productivity in China at a global warming of 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C.EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS,9(2),543-562.
MLA Chen, Yi,et al."Impacts of climate change and climate extremes on major crops productivity in China at a global warming of 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C".EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS 9.2(2018):543-562.
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