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Global water transfers embodied in international trade: Tracking imbalanced and inefficient flows
Han, M. Y.1,2; Chen, G. Q.3; Li, Y. L.3
2018-05-20
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
ISSN0959-6526
Volume184Pages:50-64
Corresponding AuthorHan, M. Y.(hanmy@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Chen, G. Q.(gqchen@pku.edu.cn)
AbstractIn light of the increasingly serious resource crisis in the context of global regional connectivity, a detailed analysis for embodied water flows in global supply chains is conducted involving more than 180 countries/regions. Based on the multi-regional database, this work attempts to explore the rules of embodied water transfers and the ways in which imbalance and inefficiencies in the new stage of globalization can be relieved. Overall, water embodied in trade flows, also known as embodied water, is estimated near one third the volume of global water withdrawal. Mainland China is the world's leading gross embodied water exporter with 114.47 billion m(3), in contrast to the United States as the leading importer with 151.39 million m(3). Under the background of resources distribution, trade acts as a mechanism to enable wealthy consumers to shift stress to their trading partners, leading to a more complex context of imbalance. As the most water-deficient region, the Middle East virtually receives 30 million m(3) of embodied water; however most of the less developed regions including African countries are always large embodied water suppliers, requiring urgent, global attention. With the detailed data supports, this study provides systematical accounting on embodied water transfers, conducts comprehensive analyses on transfer patterns, efficiencies, and pressures, and identifies imbalanced and inefficient embodied water transfers among countries/regions, attempting to map out an inclusive and sustained transfer path and lay an essential foundation for globe resources use in the new stage of globalization. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordEmbodied water Global transfers Imbalance Efficiency
DOI10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.02.195
WOS KeywordINPUT-OUTPUT-ANALYSIS ; VIRTUAL WATER ; WORLD-ECONOMY ; LAND-USE ; FOOTPRINT ASSESSMENT ; UNITED-STATES ; CONSUMPTION ; CHINA ; RESOURCES ; MODEL
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41701135] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[51579004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[71673014] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0602804] ; National Basic Research Program of China[2013CB430402]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Basic Research Program of China
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000430779600006
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:12[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/54865
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorHan, M. Y.; Chen, G. Q.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Coll Engn, Lab Syst Ecol & Sustainabil Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Han, M. Y.,Chen, G. Q.,Li, Y. L.. Global water transfers embodied in international trade: Tracking imbalanced and inefficient flows[J]. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,2018,184:50-64.
APA Han, M. Y.,Chen, G. Q.,&Li, Y. L..(2018).Global water transfers embodied in international trade: Tracking imbalanced and inefficient flows.JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,184,50-64.
MLA Han, M. Y.,et al."Global water transfers embodied in international trade: Tracking imbalanced and inefficient flows".JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION 184(2018):50-64.
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