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Spatial-temporal changes in runoff and terrestrial ecosystem water retention under 1.5 and 2 degrees C warming scenarios across China
Zhai, Ran1,2; Tao, Fulu1,2,3; Xu, Zhihui4
2018-06-07
Source PublicationEARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS
ISSN2190-4979
Volume9Issue:2Pages:717-738
Corresponding AuthorTao, Fulu(taofl@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractThe Paris Agreement set a long-term temperature goal of holding the global average temperature increase to below 2.0 degrees C above pre-industrial levels, pursuing efforts to limit this to 1.5 degrees C; it is therefore important to understand the impacts of climate change under 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C warming scenarios for climate adaptation and mitigation. Here, climate scenarios from four global circulation models (GCMs) for the baseline (2006-2015), 1.5, and 2.0 degrees C warming scenarios (2106-2115) were used to drive the validated Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrological model to investigate the impacts of global warming on runoff and terrestrial ecosystem water retention (TEWR) across China at a spatial resolution of 0.5 degrees. This study applied ensemble projections from multiple GCMs to provide more comprehensive and robust results. The trends in annual mean temperature, precipitation, runoff, and TEWR were analyzed at the grid and basin scale. Results showed that median change in runoff ranged from 3.61 to 13.86 %, 4.20 to 17.89 %, and median change in TEWR ranged from -0.45 to 6.71 and -3.48 to 4.40 % in the 10 main basins in China under 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C warming scenarios, respectively, across all four GCMs. The interannual variability of runoff increased notably in areas where it was projected to increase, and the interannual variability increased notably from the 1.5 to the 2.0 degrees C warming scenario. In contrast, TEWR would remain relatively stable, the median change in standard deviation (SD) of TEWR ranged from -10 to 10 % in about 90 % grids under 1.5 and 2.0 degrees C warming scenarios, across all four GCMs. Both low and high runoff would increase under the two warming scenarios in most areas across China, with high runoff increasing more. The risks of low and high runoff events would be higher under the 2.0 than under the 1.5 degrees C warming scenario in terms of both extent and intensity. Runoff was significantly positively correlated to precipitation, while increase in maximum temperature would generally cause runoff to decrease through increasing evapotranspiration. Likewise, precipitation also played a dominant role in affecting TEWR. Our results were supported by previous studies. However, there existed large uncertainties in climate scenarios from different GCMs, which led to large uncertainties in impact assessment. The differences among the four GCMs were larger than differences between the two warming scenarios. Our findings on the spatiotemporal patterns of climate impacts and their shifts from the 1.5 to the 2.0 degrees C warming scenario are useful for water resource management under different warming scenarios.
DOI10.5194/esd-9-717-2018
WOS KeywordCLIMATE-CHANGE ; RIVER-BASIN ; HYDROLOGICAL RESPONSES ; RCP SCENARIOS ; MODEL ; IMPACTS ; STREAMFLOW ; SCALE ; SERVICES ; PRECIPITATION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0604703] ; National Science Foundation of China[41571088] ; National Science Foundation of China[41571493] ; National Science Foundation of China[31561143003]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000434423300001
PublisherCOPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/54861
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorTao, Fulu
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, Helsinki 00790, Finland
4.Informat Ctr Yellow River Conservancy Commiss, Zhengzhou 450004, Henan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhai, Ran,Tao, Fulu,Xu, Zhihui. Spatial-temporal changes in runoff and terrestrial ecosystem water retention under 1.5 and 2 degrees C warming scenarios across China[J]. EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS,2018,9(2):717-738.
APA Zhai, Ran,Tao, Fulu,&Xu, Zhihui.(2018).Spatial-temporal changes in runoff and terrestrial ecosystem water retention under 1.5 and 2 degrees C warming scenarios across China.EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS,9(2),717-738.
MLA Zhai, Ran,et al."Spatial-temporal changes in runoff and terrestrial ecosystem water retention under 1.5 and 2 degrees C warming scenarios across China".EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS 9.2(2018):717-738.
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