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The identification of global strategic shipping pivots and their spatial patterns
Wang Chengjin1,2,3; Chen Peiran1,2,3; Chen Yunhao1,2,3
2018-09-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1009-637X
Volume28Issue:9Pages:1215-1232
Corresponding AuthorWang Chengjin(wangcj@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractIn concert with developments in global trade and energy resource transportation, there has been a marked increase in reliance on overseas shipping. Unimpeded marine transportation has therefore become a key issue which influences national maritime interests including the security of trade and energy resources. A strategic shipping pivot thus performs a vital controlling function for global shipping networks. In this study strategic shipping pivots are defined and subdivided into sea hubs, channels and areas. We then develop a model to identify strategic shipping pivots on a global scale. The results show that, depending on differences in location, function, and type, the concept of strategic shipping pivot permits the identification of both spatial and structural differentiation with respect to strategic hubs, corridors, and seas. Now 44 strategic hubs have formed across the globe. These hubs have become the control centers of local shipping network organization. At the same time, seven strategic corridors containing most shipping routes and transportation capacity connect important sea areas, and permit a high-degree of control over the transport of strategic materials. The strategic seas, the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific provide vital import and export pathways, so that the formation of strategic shipping pivots is mainly influenced by factors such as physical geographical conditions, the spatial distribution of socio-economic activities, business organization, technical progress, geopolitical patterns and geopolitical disputes. Physical geographical conditions provide the potential foundations for strategic shipping pivots, while the spatial distribution of socio-economic activities and communications determine the strategic value of these points. Finally, business organization, technical progress, and geopolitical disputes all function to strengthen the strategic mechanisms and the mutagenicity of strategic shipping pivots.
Keywordstrategic shipping pivot identification model spatial patterns mechanisms of development
DOI10.1007/s11442-018-1521-x
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the CAS[XDA20010101] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41571113] ; Key Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-ZS-2017-4]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000440139100002
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/54484
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang Chengjin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resource & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang Chengjin,Chen Peiran,Chen Yunhao. The identification of global strategic shipping pivots and their spatial patterns[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2018,28(9):1215-1232.
APA Wang Chengjin,Chen Peiran,&Chen Yunhao.(2018).The identification of global strategic shipping pivots and their spatial patterns.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,28(9),1215-1232.
MLA Wang Chengjin,et al."The identification of global strategic shipping pivots and their spatial patterns".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 28.9(2018):1215-1232.
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