Cost-benefit analysis of ecosystem services in China
Cao, Shixiong1,2; Yu, Zhongqi3; Zhang, Junze4; Feng, Fei1; Xu, Duanyang5; Mu, Xingmin6
Corresponding AuthorCao, Shixiong(shixiongcao@126.com)
AbstractEnvironmental protection can maintain ecosystem health, improve the provision of ecosystem services, and increase human welfare. However, traditional calculations of the value of ecosystem services (VES) exclude their cost, thereby undermining plans to achieve a combination of environmental protection with sustainable socioeconomic development. To understand the difference between VES and the net value after accounting for costs (NES), we evaluated the evolution of the main ecosystem services in China. When costs are accounted for (i. e., when they are subtracted from VES), NES averaged 10.0 x 10(3) RMB.ha(-1).yr(-1) for China as a whole (35.1% of VES), with values of 39.0 x 10(3), -0.7 x 10(3), 27.7 x 10(3), and 13.0 x 10(3) RMB.ha(-1).yr(-1) for wetland, grassland, farmland, and forest ecosystems, respectively. These values represent decreases of 36.4, 114.9, 52.7, and 70.6% from the corresponding VES values. To achieve sustainable development and ecological restoration, China's government must base decisions on NES, not VES, to ensure that they account for the associated costs. Applying the present results in China and elsewhere in the world should increase the net benefits of ecological restoration while still permitting socioeconomic development.
KeywordEcosystem services Cost-benefit analysis Environmental conservation Land management Ecological restoration
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Key Technology R D Program[2016YFC0501002]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Technology R D Program
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Engineering
WOS SubjectEcology ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000449554400014
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorCao, Shixiong
Affiliation1.Yanan Univ, Sch Econ & Management, 580 Shengdi Rd, Yanan City 716000, Peoples R China
2.Minzu Univ China, Sch Econ, 27 Zhongguancun South St, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
3.Tsinghua Univ, Sch Publ Policy & Management, 30 Shuangqing Rd, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Geog Sci, 19 Xinjiekouwai St, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
6.Northwest A&F Univ, Inst Soil & Water Conservat, 26 Xinong Rd, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cao, Shixiong,Yu, Zhongqi,Zhang, Junze,et al. Cost-benefit analysis of ecosystem services in China[J]. ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING,2018,125:143-148.
APA Cao, Shixiong,Yu, Zhongqi,Zhang, Junze,Feng, Fei,Xu, Duanyang,&Mu, Xingmin.(2018).Cost-benefit analysis of ecosystem services in China.ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING,125,143-148.
MLA Cao, Shixiong,et al."Cost-benefit analysis of ecosystem services in China".ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING 125(2018):143-148.
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