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Specialization or diversification? The situation and transition of households' livelihood in agricultural heritage systems
Yang, Lun1,2; Liu, Moucheng1,2; Min, Qingwen1,2; Li, Wenhua1,2
2018-11-02
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY
ISSN1473-5903
Volume16Issue:6Pages:455-471
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Moucheng(liumc@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractZhagana Agriculture-Forest-Animal Husbandry Composite System (ZCS) is the first Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems site in the Tibetan Plateau. Similar to many traditional agricultural regions, with the development of tourism and leisure agriculture, the peasant households in ZCS have gradually changed their livelihood strategies and livelihood activities in the past 10 years, resulting in the disappearance of some traditional farming methods and agricultural landscapes with a long history. By taking livelihood assets as the entry point and livelihood strategies as the core, this paper analyzed the basic situation of households' livelihood and the transition mechanism of different livelihood strategies in order to offer suggestions for the dynamic conservation and sustainable development of Agricultural Heritage Systems (AHS). (1) The livelihood strategies of peasant households in ZCS can be divided into two major categories: specialized strategies and diversified strategies. (2) According to the empirical calculation of the livelihood asset accounting framework of AHS, the average livelihood asset value of peasant households in ZCS is 2.040, showing that the situation of peasant households' livelihood is inadequate. (3) The transition of peasant households' livelihood strategies from traditional strategy to specialized or diversified livelihood strategies is mainly influenced by natural assets, human assets, cultural assets, social assets and informational assets. In order to meet the growing material and spiritual needs of peasant households and achieve the sustainable development of ZCS simultaneously, it is suggested that the agriculture-forestry-animal husbandry-tourism composite strategies shall be taken as the development direction of peasant households' livelihood strategies.
KeywordAgricultural heritage systems sustainable livelihood strategy livelihood asset Tibetan plateau
DOI10.1080/14735903.2018.1537669
WOS KeywordLAND-USE ; DECISION-MAKING ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; STRATEGIES ; ADAPTATION ; DYNAMICS ; FARMERS ; FERTILIZERS ; LANDSCAPE ; NITROGEN
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaAgriculture ; Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectAgriculture, Multidisciplinary ; GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
WOS IDWOS:000451595700002
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/51517
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Moucheng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Lun,Liu, Moucheng,Min, Qingwen,et al. Specialization or diversification? The situation and transition of households' livelihood in agricultural heritage systems[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY,2018,16(6):455-471.
APA Yang, Lun,Liu, Moucheng,Min, Qingwen,&Li, Wenhua.(2018).Specialization or diversification? The situation and transition of households' livelihood in agricultural heritage systems.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY,16(6),455-471.
MLA Yang, Lun,et al."Specialization or diversification? The situation and transition of households' livelihood in agricultural heritage systems".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY 16.6(2018):455-471.
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