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Comparison of climatic impacts transmission from temperature to grain harvests and economies between the Han (206 BC-AD 220) and Tang (AD 618-907) dynasties
Wei, Zhudeng1,2; Fang, Xiuqi2; Su, Yun2; Li, Beibei1,3; Wei, Xueqiong1; Yin, Jun4
2018-10-01
Source PublicationHOLOCENE
ISSN0959-6836
Volume28Issue:10Pages:1598-1608
Corresponding AuthorWei, Zhudeng(weizhudeng@126.com)
AbstractThe present study aims to compare quantitatively the similarities and differences of transmission processes extending from climate change to grain harvests and economies (macro-economy and fiscal balance) between the Han (206 BC-AD 220) and Tang (AD 618-907) dynasties of China. It is found that both the Han and Tang periods displayed close positive correlations among temperature, grain harvest, macro-economy and fiscal balance and conveyed a positive feedback-oriented transmission pattern with the upgrade of climatic impact level from grain harvest to economic system. Compared with the Han period, the overall linkages among indicators weakened during the Tang period, particularly for the correlation between grain harvest and fiscal balance. The mean temperature during the Tang period was slightly higher but had greater multidecadal variability, coinciding with better performance (and less variations) of macro-economy and fiscal balance (particularly for cold units) and higher variations of grain harvest. It displayed relatively little difference for the main pathways that could be interpreted as climatic impacts during the warm units between the Han and Tang periods, and both approximately 33% of the decades for warm units (100%) ending with fiscal balance/surplus were more likely to be associated with the impacts of temperature change. The difference mainly lies in cold units in the links of 'cold -> poor harvest' and 'poor harvest -> macro-economic depression' through the pathway of 'cold -> poor harvest -> macro-economic depression/normal economy -> fiscal deficiency'. Overall, macro-economy and fiscal system of the Tang period displayed less sensitivity to temperature change and agriculture production in cold period. Those patterns might be related with the unique socio-economic situations such as agricultural fragmentation, southward shift of economic resource and tax system reform during the later Tang Dynasty.
KeywordChina climatic impacts chain comparison Han Dynasty quantitative analysis Tang Dynasty
DOI10.1177/0959683618782592
WOS KeywordNORTH CHINA ; FLUCTUATIONS ; WAR ; RESPONSES ; EVOLUTION ; COLLAPSE ; SYSTEMS ; CYCLES
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41401217] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19040101] ; Start-Up Foundation for Advanced Talents of Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology[2015r063]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Start-Up Foundation for Advanced Talents of Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000452156700006
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/51376
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWei, Zhudeng
Affiliation1.Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Inst Hist Sci & Technol, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Geog Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Jiangsu Key Lab Agr Meteorol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wei, Zhudeng,Fang, Xiuqi,Su, Yun,et al. Comparison of climatic impacts transmission from temperature to grain harvests and economies between the Han (206 BC-AD 220) and Tang (AD 618-907) dynasties[J]. HOLOCENE,2018,28(10):1598-1608.
APA Wei, Zhudeng,Fang, Xiuqi,Su, Yun,Li, Beibei,Wei, Xueqiong,&Yin, Jun.(2018).Comparison of climatic impacts transmission from temperature to grain harvests and economies between the Han (206 BC-AD 220) and Tang (AD 618-907) dynasties.HOLOCENE,28(10),1598-1608.
MLA Wei, Zhudeng,et al."Comparison of climatic impacts transmission from temperature to grain harvests and economies between the Han (206 BC-AD 220) and Tang (AD 618-907) dynasties".HOLOCENE 28.10(2018):1598-1608.
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