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Urban structural evolution over a century in Changchun city, Northeast China
Kuang Wenhui1; Yan Fengqin2
2018-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1009-637X
Volume28Issue:12Pages:1877-1895
Corresponding AuthorKuang Wenhui(kuangwh@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractKnowledge on urban land-use change and its driving forces has vital significance in the practice of urban planning and management. However, the characteristics of historical, long-term changes and their quantitative relationships with the urban environment are still poorly understood. Based on multi-source data, including remote sensing imageries, large-scale topographic maps, historical maps, multi-temporal city maps, and other urban thematic maps, high-quality spatial information on urban land use in the built-up area of Changchun has been extracted for 1898, 1932, 1954, 1976, 1990, 2002, and 2012 by means of geographic information systems and remote sensing. We found that the land-use structure and spatial configuration has undergone tremendous alterations according to urban function in the 100-year history of Changchun city. The built-up area of Changchun expanded from 2.26 km(2) in 1898 to 328.12 km(2) in 2012, increasing about 144 times over the past century. Historically, the development of Changchun can be categorized into three stages: the initial forming stage, the old industrial development stage, and the modern metropolis development stage. Commercial and industrial land expanded rapidly following the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, with an increase from 1.74 km(2) in 1954 to 15.91 km(2) in 2012, and from 16.45 km(2) in 1954 to 107.05 km(2) in 2012, respectively. Although there was substantial growth in residential land use (from 1.81 km(2) in 1898 to 113.95 km(2) in 2012), the area percentage of residential land decreased continuously (from 80.09% in 1898 to 34.73% in 2012). Moreover, it was noted that the spatial configuration and structural percentage for commercial, industrial, and residential lands and others had tremendous divergences at different stages. These divergences of land-use structure occurred between the stages and were associated with social regimes and the functional orientation of urban society across the 100 years of historical development. Socio-economics, population growth, and planning policies from specific stages, especially after 1949, had strong effects on the divergence of urban structure.
Keywordurban expansion land use urban structure driving factors Changchun city China
DOI10.1007/s11442-018-1569-7
WOS KeywordLAND-USE CHANGES ; DRIVING FORCES ; METROPOLITAN-AREAS ; BEIJING CITY ; PATTERNS ; EXPANSION ; URBANIZATION ; GIS ; ECOLOGY ; GROWTH
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectChina Postdoctoral Science Foundation[BX201700241] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41371408]
Funding OrganizationChina Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000455924200009
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/50622
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorKuang Wenhui
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Northeast Inst Geog & Agroecol, Changchun 130102, Jilin, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kuang Wenhui,Yan Fengqin. Urban structural evolution over a century in Changchun city, Northeast China[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2018,28(12):1877-1895.
APA Kuang Wenhui,&Yan Fengqin.(2018).Urban structural evolution over a century in Changchun city, Northeast China.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,28(12),1877-1895.
MLA Kuang Wenhui,et al."Urban structural evolution over a century in Changchun city, Northeast China".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 28.12(2018):1877-1895.
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