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The differentiation and evolutionary models of industrial bases in China
Jin Fengjun1,2; Chen Linlin1,2,3; Yang Yu1,2; Hong Hui4
2018-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1009-637X
Volume28Issue:12Pages:1757-1780
Corresponding AuthorChen Linlin(Chenll.12b@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Yang Yu(yangyu@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractThe rapid progress of China's industrialization has been manifested in space as the formation and evolution of a series of industrial bases. Employing data from the years 1985, 2001 and 2010, this paper carries out differentiation, screening, and categorization of industrial bases in China. It then analyses the evolutional characteristics of these industrial bases and explores different paths of growth according to their scale or types, and summarizes the general pattern for their formation and evolution. The results of this study indicate that China's industrial bases as a whole have gone through three spatial stages since the founding of the PRC in 1949: decentralized development before reform and opening up in 1978, gradual concentration in eastern coastal regions during the early period of reform and opening up, and balanced and diversified development since the beginning of the 21st century. By 2010, China had a total of 251 industrial bases and had thereby established the overall spatial map of its industrialization. As industrial bases expand in scale, their industrial structures develop from homogenization to diversification, and then again from diversification to competitive optimization. Leading industries in the vast majority of industrial bases constantly evolve along the track of light industries, basic materials industries, and advanced manufacturing industries. Meanwhile, the key factors in their evolution and development transition from traditional factors of production like resources and labor to new ones like capital and information, but there are significant differences in terms of influencing factors and growth paths between large, medium, and small bases. Small industrial bases primarily rely on natural resources to maintain development through a single leading industry, medium industrial bases gradually become more comprehensive in their industrial compositions, and large industrial bases evolve in the direction of a combination of basic materials industries and equipment manufacturing industries.
Keywordindustrial base differentiation evolution model China
DOI10.1007/s11442-018-1564-z
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectChinese Academy of Sciences[KFZD-SW-314] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19040403] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41430636] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41571159] ; Bingwei Young Scientist Plan of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences[2016RC202]
Funding OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Bingwei Young Scientist Plan of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000455924200002
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/50514
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorChen Linlin; Yang Yu
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Renmin Univ China, High Sch, Tongzhou Campus, Beijing 101117, Peoples R China
4.China Int Engn Consulting Corp, Beijing 100048, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jin Fengjun,Chen Linlin,Yang Yu,et al. The differentiation and evolutionary models of industrial bases in China[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2018,28(12):1757-1780.
APA Jin Fengjun,Chen Linlin,Yang Yu,&Hong Hui.(2018).The differentiation and evolutionary models of industrial bases in China.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,28(12),1757-1780.
MLA Jin Fengjun,et al."The differentiation and evolutionary models of industrial bases in China".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 28.12(2018):1757-1780.
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