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Comparative research on regional differences in urbanization and spatial evolution of urban systems between China and India
Li Jiaming1; Yang Yu1,2; Fan Jie1,2; Jin Fengjun1,2; Zhang Wenzhong1,2; Liu Shenghe1,2; Fu Bojie2,3
2018-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1009-637X
Volume28Issue:12Pages:1860-1876
Corresponding AuthorYang Yu(yangyu@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Fu Bojie(bfu@rcees.ac.cn)
AbstractAs two rising great powers, China and India have undergone similar development processes, but they also exhibit significant differences in development paths and patterns. The significant differences in political systems, economic systems, and developmental environment between the two countries have attracted great attention from scholars. This research focuses on the regional differences and spatial evolution processes in urbanization and urban systems between the two countries from a geographical perspective. Based on the demographic censuses of both countries and the urban population data from the United Nations, this paper systematically compared and analyzed the spatial characteristics of urbanization and urban systems in China and India using various methods including spatial analysis, parameter estimation, and nonparametric estimation. The results indicate that: (1) Since the 1990s, the regional differences in urbanization in China have transformed from south-north differences to coastal-inland differences, whereas the north-south differences in India have been stable. (2) In recent years, the correlation between population density and urbanization rate kept increasing in China, while such correlation has been decreasing in India. (3) The economic reform posed significantly different effects on the spatial evolution of the urban systems in the two countries. The economic reform changed the major driving force for urban development in China from geographical and historical factors to the spatial structure of the economic system. However, in India, the driving forces for urban development have always been geographical and historical factors, and the economic reform even decreased the effect of the spatial structure of the economic system on urban development.
Keywordurbanization urban system spatial pattern spatial evolution China India
DOI10.1007/s11442-018-1568-8
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41230632] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41671166] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41571159] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41430636] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41701128]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000455924200008
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/50458
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorYang Yu; Fu Bojie
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci CAS, State Key Lab Urban & Reg Ecol, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li Jiaming,Yang Yu,Fan Jie,et al. Comparative research on regional differences in urbanization and spatial evolution of urban systems between China and India[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2018,28(12):1860-1876.
APA Li Jiaming.,Yang Yu.,Fan Jie.,Jin Fengjun.,Zhang Wenzhong.,...&Fu Bojie.(2018).Comparative research on regional differences in urbanization and spatial evolution of urban systems between China and India.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,28(12),1860-1876.
MLA Li Jiaming,et al."Comparative research on regional differences in urbanization and spatial evolution of urban systems between China and India".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 28.12(2018):1860-1876.
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