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Classification of wind use level and required investment for countries below average to upgrade
Liu, Yang1,2; Cui, Huijuan1; Ge, Quansheng1,2
2019-02-20
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
ISSN0959-6526
Volume211Pages:1427-1433
Corresponding AuthorCui, Huijuan(cuihj@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractWind energy development is unbalanced over the world and it is urgent to make a promotion for countries with lower wind utility, to overcome the issues of increasing demand of energy generation and reduction of greenhouse gas emission. Two indicators, the wind energy exploitation rate and the growing trend, are defined to represent onshore wind use level by country. The wind energy exploitation rate (ER) is the ratio of current installed capacity to technical potential, and growing trend (Tr) is the linear slope of installed capacity depended on GDP per capita. Non linear functions are used to fit the average curve of ER and Tr and divide them to 5 and 3 grades. According to these classifications, we calculate the new installed capacity and associated investment for countries that are now in lower ER grade to reach the world average level in 2030. Three main conclusions are drawn from the results. (1) Africa is the poorest wind power developed region over the world, where 34 countries still not utilize their wind power. Europe is the best wind power developed region, where 60% of the countries are in high to very high ER grades. Polarization is found in Asia and Central America and the Caribbean, where there are many countries with higher and lower ER while few in normal level. (2) The total new installed onshore wind capacity and the associated investment are 1626.7 [1448.0-1828.5] GW and 3257.2 [2899.9-3661.4] billion USD for 90 countries with ER now in low to zero grades to reach the world average level in 2030, in which 80 non-Annex I countries account for 339.2 [301.2-383.4] GW and 754.3 [669.8-852.2] billion USD. It could help evaluate whether a country's wind investment plan is sufficient to catch up with the world average level. (3) Most countries in Middle East, Africa and Asia need to increase investment to keep their ER with world average level, in which there are 13 non Annex I countries in both low Tr and low to very low ER grades. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordInstalled wind capacity Wind use level Financial investment
DOI10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.11.292
WOS KeywordCOAL-FIRED POWER ; GHG EMISSIONS ; ENERGY ; GENERATION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational key research and development program of China[2017YFA0605303] ; National key research and development program of China[2016YFA0602800] ; Reform and Development Research Program of Ministry of Science and Technology Imperative and significant problems to addressing climate change after Paris Conference
Funding OrganizationNational key research and development program of China ; Reform and Development Research Program of Ministry of Science and Technology Imperative and significant problems to addressing climate change after Paris Conference
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000457952400123
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/49854
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorCui, Huijuan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Yang,Cui, Huijuan,Ge, Quansheng. Classification of wind use level and required investment for countries below average to upgrade[J]. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,2019,211:1427-1433.
APA Liu, Yang,Cui, Huijuan,&Ge, Quansheng.(2019).Classification of wind use level and required investment for countries below average to upgrade.JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,211,1427-1433.
MLA Liu, Yang,et al."Classification of wind use level and required investment for countries below average to upgrade".JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION 211(2019):1427-1433.
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