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Regional differences and spatial patterns of health status of the member states in the "Belt and Road" Initiative
Li, Jie1,2; Xui, Fangjin1; Sun, Zhaojun1,2; Wang, Jinfeng3
2019-01-30
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Volume14Issue:1Pages:16
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jinfeng(wangjf@lreis.ac.cn)
AbstractThe strategy of the "Belt and Road" initiative aims not only to promote the cooperation and the development of economic trade, but also to boost the integration and development in multiple fields-especially in the field of health. This paper explores the health levels of member-states in the Belt and Road initiative from the perspective of regional differences and spatial patterns. Data from the 68 member-states in the Belt and Road initiative were selected from the statistical data on disease and socioeconomics in all countries from the 2015 publication by the World Bank and the World Health Organization. Health indicators that can reflect health levels of member states were selected. Moran's I and Getis-Ord Gi* were used to analyze the spatial clustering and hot/cold spots of the health status. After that a novel spatial statistical method "geographical detector" was used to analysis the spatial stratified heterogeneity of the selected health indicators. The result showed that the health level of the member states fluctuated around the world average and varied greatly within the member states. The health status of the member states showed spatial clustering, and the q-statistics of the geographical detector confirmed that the health status demonstrated statistically significant spatial heterogeneity for different continent the member states reside. In general, member states in Europe and Oceania demonstrated higher health status, while those in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Africa and part of Middle East have lower health status. In particular, special attention should be paid to control communicable diseases in African member states. Different regions and member states face different kinds of health threats in various degrees. Member states should strengthen health cooperation between themselves and work closely with other countries to make the "belt and road" a healthy road.
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0211264
WOS KeywordLIFE EXPECTANCY ; COUNTRIES
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectMajor Innovation Projects for Building First-class Universities in China's Western Region[ZKZD2017004] ; Major Innovation Projects for Building First-class Universities in China's Western Region in Ningxia University[ZKZD2017004]
Funding OrganizationMajor Innovation Projects for Building First-class Universities in China's Western Region ; Major Innovation Projects for Building First-class Universities in China's Western Region in Ningxia University
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000457155600069
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/49826
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jinfeng
Affiliation1.Ningxia Univ, Dept Resources & Environm, Ningxia, Yinchuan, Peoples R China
2.Ningxia Univ, Ningxia China Arab Key Lab Resource Assessment &, Ningxia, Yinchuan, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, State Key Lab Resources & Environm Informat Syst, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Jie,Xui, Fangjin,Sun, Zhaojun,et al. Regional differences and spatial patterns of health status of the member states in the "Belt and Road" Initiative[J]. PLOS ONE,2019,14(1):16.
APA Li, Jie,Xui, Fangjin,Sun, Zhaojun,&Wang, Jinfeng.(2019).Regional differences and spatial patterns of health status of the member states in the "Belt and Road" Initiative.PLOS ONE,14(1),16.
MLA Li, Jie,et al."Regional differences and spatial patterns of health status of the member states in the "Belt and Road" Initiative".PLOS ONE 14.1(2019):16.
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