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Urbanization patterns and poverty reduction: A new perspective to explore the countries along the Belt and Road
Chen, Mingxing1,2; Sui, Yuwen1,2; Liu, Weidong1,2; Liu, Hui1,2; Huang, Yaohuan1,2
2019-02-01
Source PublicationHABITAT INTERNATIONAL
ISSN0197-3975
Volume84Pages:1-14
Corresponding AuthorSui, Yuwen(suiyw.l6s@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractUrbanization and poverty reduction are two vital aspects for global sustainable and healthy development. In the future, the countries along the Belt and Road will play a more important role in global urbanization and poverty reduction. Therefore, this paper aims at elaborating the characteristics and patterns of urbanization and poverty reduction in these countries using data from 1996 to 2016. The results indicate that the average urbanization level is 48% in 2016 and the average annual growth rate of these countries is 0.61 percentage points between 1996 and 2016. In addition, West Asian and Middle Eastern countries have a higher level of urbanization, while ultra-high-speed and high-speed development countries are primarily Southeast Asian countries and China. Furthermore, these countries differentiate significantly in terms of spatial distribution of population density. Regions with a population density of 0-1 person per square kilometer account for 33% of the total area and 0.09% of the total population, while regions with a population density of over 1000 people per square kilometer account for 1.45% of the total area and 39.56% of the total population. Moreover, using mathematical morphology methods, we identify the 10 regions with the largest urban land areas among these countries, and seven regions are located in China and Southeast Asia. Finally, the population living in extreme poverty in these countries dropped from 1.17 billion to 355.6 million during the 20-year period, and several countries, such as China, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Mongolia, have made tremendous progress both in urbanization and poverty reduction. These findings are beneficial for comprehending urban development and poverty reduction in the countries along the Belt and Road as well as for providing references for regional cooperation.
KeywordUrbanization Characteristic Pattern Poverty reduction GIS The Belt and Road
DOI10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.12.001
WOS KeywordCHINA BELT ; UNITED-STATES ; GROWTH ; URBAN ; LAND ; MOTIVATION ; AREA
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41822104] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41671125] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA20080000]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaDevelopment Studies ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public Administration ; Urban Studies
WOS SubjectDevelopment Studies ; Environmental Studies ; Regional & Urban Planning ; Urban Studies
WOS IDWOS:000459363900001
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/49466
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorSui, Yuwen
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Mingxing,Sui, Yuwen,Liu, Weidong,et al. Urbanization patterns and poverty reduction: A new perspective to explore the countries along the Belt and Road[J]. HABITAT INTERNATIONAL,2019,84:1-14.
APA Chen, Mingxing,Sui, Yuwen,Liu, Weidong,Liu, Hui,&Huang, Yaohuan.(2019).Urbanization patterns and poverty reduction: A new perspective to explore the countries along the Belt and Road.HABITAT INTERNATIONAL,84,1-14.
MLA Chen, Mingxing,et al."Urbanization patterns and poverty reduction: A new perspective to explore the countries along the Belt and Road".HABITAT INTERNATIONAL 84(2019):1-14.
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