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Job-worker spatial dynamics in Beijing: Insights from Smart Card Data
Huang, Jie1; Levinson, David2; Wang, Jiaoe1,3; Jin, Haitao1,4
2019-03-01
Source PublicationCITIES
ISSN0264-2751
Volume86Pages:83-93
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jiaoe(wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractAs a megacity, Beijing has experienced traffic congestion, unaffordable housing issues and jobs-housing imbalance. Recent decades have seen policies and projects aiming at decentralizing urban structure and job-worker patterns, such as subway network expansion, the suburbanization of housing and firms. But it is unclear whether these changes produced a more balanced spatial configuration of jobs and workers. To answer this question, this paper evaluated the ratio of jobs to workers from Smart Card Data at the transit station level and offered a longitudinal study for regular transit commuters. The method identifies the most preferred station around each commuter's workpalce and home location from individual smart datasets according to their travel regularity, then the amounts of jobs and workers around each station are estimated. A year-to-year evolution of job to worker ratios at the station level is conducted. We classify general cases of steepening and flattening job-worker dynamics, and they can be used in the study of other cities. The paper finds that (1) only temporary balance appears around a few stations; (2) job-worker ratios tend to be steepening rather than flattening, influencing commute patterns; (3) the polycentric configuration of Beijing can be seen from the spatial pattern of job centers identified.
KeywordJobs-housing balance Smart Card Data Spatial dynamics Longitudinal analysis Urban subway network
DOI10.1016/j.cities.2018.11.021
WOS KeywordCOMMUTING EFFICIENCY ; MISMATCH ; PATTERNS ; CHINA
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19040402] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41701132] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41722103]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaUrban Studies
WOS SubjectUrban Studies
WOS IDWOS:000459236400008
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/49366
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jiaoe
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, 11A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Sydney, Sch Civil Engn, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Transportat Informat Ctr, Beijing 100161, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huang, Jie,Levinson, David,Wang, Jiaoe,et al. Job-worker spatial dynamics in Beijing: Insights from Smart Card Data[J]. CITIES,2019,86:83-93.
APA Huang, Jie,Levinson, David,Wang, Jiaoe,&Jin, Haitao.(2019).Job-worker spatial dynamics in Beijing: Insights from Smart Card Data.CITIES,86,83-93.
MLA Huang, Jie,et al."Job-worker spatial dynamics in Beijing: Insights from Smart Card Data".CITIES 86(2019):83-93.
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