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Modeling the fine-scale spatiotemporal pattern of earthquake casualties in cities: Application to Haidian District, Beijing
Yuan, Haihong1; Gao, Xiaolu2; Qi, Wei3
2019-03-01
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
ISSN2212-4209
Volume34Pages:412-422
Corresponding AuthorYuan, Haihong(yuanhaihong@nbu.edu.cn)
AbstractChina is particularly vulnerable to earthquakes and has suffered a great number of earthquake casualties. Therefore, it is imperative to develop effective earthquake casualty assessment methods for pre-disaster pre-paredness and emergency management. However, there are many problems with existing approaches to earthquake casualty assessment in China. This study developed an improved earthquake casualty assessment methodology by incorporating the estimation of population exposure at a more appropriate spatiotemporal scale, the locally oriented damage probability matrices, and the quantitative relationship between casualties and building damage. The proposed methodology can improve the spatial and temporal accuracy and the speed of earthquake casualty evaluation on a large scale. Through a case study of Haidian District in Beijing, we used this methodology to estimate the daytime and nighttime casualties at the 500m x 500m grid and block scale. Our proposed model was able to identify areas where earthquake casualties were likely to be higher, necessitating higher priority for pre-disaster mitigation, preparedness, and emergency response activities. It is expected that the model will be used to evaluate earthquake casualties in other parts of China.
KeywordEarthquake casualty estimation Assessment methodology Fine-scale Spatiotemporal pattern Haidian District of Beijing
DOI10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.12.010
WOS KeywordSEISMIC RISK-ASSESSMENT ; ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY ; SCENARIO ; HAZARD
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectMOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences[17YJCZH234] ; Key Research Base of Philosophy and Social Sciences in Zhejiang Province, China[16JDGH041] ; Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province[LQ18D010002] ; Major Science and Technology Project of Ningbo City, China[2015C110001] ; K.C. Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University, China
Funding OrganizationMOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences ; Key Research Base of Philosophy and Social Sciences in Zhejiang Province, China ; Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province ; Major Science and Technology Project of Ningbo City, China ; K.C. Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University, China
WOS Research AreaGeology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences ; Water Resources
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000460032200039
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/49304
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorYuan, Haihong
Affiliation1.Ningbo Univ, Dept Geog & Spatial Informat Tech, Univ Angers Joint Inst Ningbo, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yuan, Haihong,Gao, Xiaolu,Qi, Wei. Modeling the fine-scale spatiotemporal pattern of earthquake casualties in cities: Application to Haidian District, Beijing[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION,2019,34:412-422.
APA Yuan, Haihong,Gao, Xiaolu,&Qi, Wei.(2019).Modeling the fine-scale spatiotemporal pattern of earthquake casualties in cities: Application to Haidian District, Beijing.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION,34,412-422.
MLA Yuan, Haihong,et al."Modeling the fine-scale spatiotemporal pattern of earthquake casualties in cities: Application to Haidian District, Beijing".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION 34(2019):412-422.
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