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What if there were no food aid and food import: food insufficiency in Africa from the perspective of self-sufficiency
Wu,Yanjuan1,2; Chen,Rui1; Feng,Zhiming3; Yang,Yanzhao3
2019-02-01
Source PublicationIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
ISSN1755-1307
Volume234Issue:1
AbstractAbstract Recognizing and understanding food insufficiency and its diversity dynamic variation patterns among countries is beneficial to regulate policies to improve food sufficiency, especially for Africa where poverty is also a problem. This paper explicitly assesses food insufficiency, using land resources carrying capacity, basing on the ability of self-produced food feeding its population in Africa at spatial and temporal scale, and identifies countries’ variation patterns basing on five and a half decades. This study demonstrates that although production of cereals improved in total Africa, it cannot satisfy the consumption for its population, get rise that food insufficiency wasn’t improve with the production growth. Africa has been in chronic food insufficiency, and food insufficiency fluctuated around grade III. Basing on the range of circumstances of the countries, large-scale food insufficiency covers 1961(1961-1963), 1970(1969-1971), 1980 (1979-1981), 1990(1989-1991), 2010(2009-2011), and 2015(2014-2016). Over 70 percent of African countries was in food insufficiency, even 60 percent of the countries were in grade I, while, only the minority of countries had enough food. Especially in 1980 and 2000, less than 15 percent of the countries were in food sufficiency (between concluded). Basing on the sub-area of FAO for Africa, it had more food sufficiency in eastern Africa and western Africa, moderate amount located at northern Africa, southern Africa had much less, and central Africa had the least, which was almost the whole central Africa. According to dynamic changes of food insufficiency in African countries chronologically, four categories (No.i - iv) of 10 small classes were made. Solutions were proposed to meet the 2030 Agenda, basing on the categories of dynamic change pattern of food insufficiency in Africa, including science-based approach to increase production, reasonable allocation on food aid and import, and population growth and family planning, etc.
DOI10.1088/1755-1315/234/1/012043
Language英语
WOS IDIOP:1755-1307-234-1-012043
PublisherIOP Publishing
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/49140
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Affiliation1.National Academy of Innovation Strategy of China Association for Science and Technology, 100038 Beijing, People’s Republic of China
2.Institute of Sciences and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100190 Beijing, People’s Republic of China
3.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, People’s Republic of China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu,Yanjuan,Chen,Rui,Feng,Zhiming,et al. What if there were no food aid and food import: food insufficiency in Africa from the perspective of self-sufficiency[J]. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science,2019,234(1).
APA Wu,Yanjuan,Chen,Rui,Feng,Zhiming,&Yang,Yanzhao.(2019).What if there were no food aid and food import: food insufficiency in Africa from the perspective of self-sufficiency.IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science,234(1).
MLA Wu,Yanjuan,et al."What if there were no food aid and food import: food insufficiency in Africa from the perspective of self-sufficiency".IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 234.1(2019).
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