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Competition and Cooperation between Shared Bicycles and Public Transit: A Case Study of Beijing
Jin, Haitao1,2,3; Jin, Fengjun1; Wang, Jiao'e1; Sun, Wei1,2; Dong, Libo4
2019-03-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume11Issue:5Pages:13
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jiao'e(wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractAs an eco-friendly transportation mode, shared bicycles provide a new option for public transit users in urban areas. China's bicycle-sharing market began flourishing in July 2016 and reached a plateau in 2017. How shared bicycles influenced public transit systems during this period is an interesting topic. A case study of Beijing is conducted. This study aims to identify the competitive and cooperative influences of shared bicycles on public transit by exploring the changes in public transit trip distances before and after the upsurge in bicycle-sharing. A histogram shifting method is introduced to examine the influences of shared bicycles on public transit services from a travel distance perspective. A spatial correlation of bicycling usage and public transit changes is calculated using units of gridded cell spaces. The results show: (1) overall transit usage continued growing after the shared bicycles market reached a plateau; (2) short public transits within 2 km decreased while transfers within 2 km increased; and (3) the decrease of short transits and increase of transfers within 3 km were spatially highly correlated to the usage of shared bicycles. Hence, the role of bicycle-sharing systems is competitive for existing public transit systems during short trips and cooperative for connecting transits.
Keywordshared bicycle public transit trip distance histogram shifting method urban sustainability
DOI10.3390/su11051323
WOS KeywordBIKE SHARE ; ACCESS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19040403] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41771134] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41722103]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000462661000107
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/48670
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jiao'e
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 110101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 10049, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Transportat Informat Ctr, Beijing 100073, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Haidian Publ Secur Bur, Beijing 100089, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jin, Haitao,Jin, Fengjun,Wang, Jiao'e,et al. Competition and Cooperation between Shared Bicycles and Public Transit: A Case Study of Beijing[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2019,11(5):13.
APA Jin, Haitao,Jin, Fengjun,Wang, Jiao'e,Sun, Wei,&Dong, Libo.(2019).Competition and Cooperation between Shared Bicycles and Public Transit: A Case Study of Beijing.SUSTAINABILITY,11(5),13.
MLA Jin, Haitao,et al."Competition and Cooperation between Shared Bicycles and Public Transit: A Case Study of Beijing".SUSTAINABILITY 11.5(2019):13.
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