Plant growth and mortality under climatic extremes: An overview
Niu, SL; Luo, YQ; Li, DJ; Cao, SH; Xia, JY; Li, JW; Smith, MD
2014
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY
ISSN0098-8472
Volume98Pages:13-19
AbstractOngoing climate change has caused extreme climatic events to happen more frequently, which can fundamentally threaten plant growth and survivorship. In this review paper, we found that extreme climatic events, such as heat waves, frost, drought and flooding, usually reduces plant production and induces mortality. The magnitude of impacts on production and mortality are exceedingly variable, which likely result from different severities of the climate extremes, sensitivities of various processes, vegetation types, and inherent regulatory mechanisms of plants and ecosystems. Climatologically severe events -may not necessarily trigger plant responses. Different processes respond to the same extreme events differently. Such different responses also vary with species. Moreover, plants likely activate a variety of physiological and molecular mechanisms regulate their responses to extremes. Documenting those variable responses and identifying their causes are critical to advancing our understanding. Nevertheless, our research has to move beyond the documentation of phenomenon to reveal fundamental mechanisms underlying plant responses to climate extremes. Toward that goal, we need to define extreme climatic events under a plant perspective and evaluate different response patterns of various processes to climate extremes. In this review, we also propose to focus our future research on manipulative field experiments and coordinated networks of experiments at multiple sites over different regions to understand the real-world responses of plants and ecosystems. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
SubtypeJournal
KeywordClimate change Extreme events Plant response Heat waves Drought
Subject AreaPlant Sciences ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS Subject ExtendedPlant Sciences ; Environmental Sciences
WOS KeywordANOMALOUSLY WARM YEAR ; TREE MORTALITY ; FOREST TREES ; DROUGHT SENSITIVITY ; SOIL RESPIRATION ; TEMPERATE STEPPE ; STRESS TOLERANCE ; WEATHER EVENTS ; NORTHERN CHINA ; GLOBAL CHANGE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000329146400002
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/44588
Collection生态系统网络观测与模拟院重点实验室_生态网络实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Niu, SL,Luo, YQ,Li, DJ,et al. Plant growth and mortality under climatic extremes: An overview[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY,2014,98:13-19.
APA Niu, SL.,Luo, YQ.,Li, DJ.,Cao, SH.,Xia, JY.,...&Smith, MD.(2014).Plant growth and mortality under climatic extremes: An overview.ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY,98,13-19.
MLA Niu, SL,et al."Plant growth and mortality under climatic extremes: An overview".ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY 98(2014):13-19.
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