The impact of climate change and anthropogenic activities on alpine grassland over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
Chen, BX; Zhang, XZ; Tao, J; Wu, JS; Wang, JS; Shi, PL; Zhang, YJ; Yu, CQ
2014
Source PublicationAGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY
ISSN0168-1923
Volume189Pages:11-18
AbstractClimate change and anthropogenic activities are two factors that have important effects on the carbon cycle of terrestrial ecosystems, but it is almost impossible to fully separate them at present. This study used process-based terrestrial ecosystem model to stimulate the potential climate-driven alpine grassland net primary production (NPP), and Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach based on remote sensing to stimulate actual alpine grassland NPP influenced by both of climate change and anthropogenic activities over the Qinghai-Tibet plateau (QTP) from 1982 to 2011. After the models were systematically calibrated, the simulations were validated with continuous 3-year paired field sample data, which were separately collected in fenced and open grasslands. We then simulated the human-induced NPP, calculated as the difference between potential and actual NPP, to determine the effect of anthropogenic activities on the alpine grassland ecosystem. The simulation results showed that the climate change and anthropogenic activities mainly drove the actual grassland NPP increasing in the first 20-year and the last 10-year respectively, the area percentage of actual grassland NPP change caused by climate change declined from 79.62% in the period of 1982-2001 to 56.59% over the last 10 years; but the percentage change resulting from human activities doubled from 20.16% to 42.98% in the same periods over the QTP. The effect of human activities on the alpine grassland ecosystem obviously intensified in the latter period compared with the former 20 years, so the negative effect caused by climate change to ecosystem could have been relatively mitigated or offset over the QTP in the last ten years. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
SubtypeJournal
KeywordThe Qinghai-Tibet plateau Alpine grassland ecosystem Net primary production Climate change Anthropogenic activities
Subject AreaAgriculture ; Forestry ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS Subject ExtendedAgronomy ; Forestry ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS KeywordNET PRIMARY PRODUCTION ; INDUCED LAND DEGRADATION ; PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY ; HUMAN APPROPRIATION ; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS ; ADAPTATION STRATEGIES ; NORTHERN TIBET ; SOUTH-AFRICA ; TIME-SERIES ; VARIABILITY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000333852900003
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:142[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/44543
Collection生态系统网络观测与模拟院重点实验室_生态网络实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, BX,Zhang, XZ,Tao, J,et al. The impact of climate change and anthropogenic activities on alpine grassland over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J]. AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY,2014,189:11-18.
APA Chen, BX.,Zhang, XZ.,Tao, J.,Wu, JS.,Wang, JS.,...&Yu, CQ.(2014).The impact of climate change and anthropogenic activities on alpine grassland over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY,189,11-18.
MLA Chen, BX,et al."The impact of climate change and anthropogenic activities on alpine grassland over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau".AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY 189(2014):11-18.
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