Evolution and variation of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration over terrestrial ecosystems as derived from eddy covariance measurements
Liu, M; Wu, JB; Zhu, XD; He, HL; Jia, WX; Xiang, WN
2015
Source PublicationATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT
ISSN1352-2310
Volume114Pages:75-82
AbstractCarbon dioxide (CO2) is the most important anthropogenic greenhouse gas contributing to global climate change. Understanding the temporal and spatial variations of CO2 concentration over terrestrial ecosystems provides additional insight into global atmospheric variability of CO2 concentration. Using 355 site-years of CO2 concentration observations at 104 eddy-covariance flux tower sites in Northern Hemisphere, we presented a comprehensive analysis of evolution and variation of atmospheric CO2 concentration over terrestrial ecosystem (ACTE) for the period of 1997-2006. Our results showed that ACE exhibited a strong seasonal variations, with an average seaonsal amplitude (peak-trough difference) of 14.8 ppm, which was approximately threefold that global mean CO2 observed in Mauna Loa in the United States (MLO). The seasonal variation of CO2 were mostly dominant by terrestrial carbon fluxes, i.e., net ecosystem procution (NEP) and gross primary produciton (GPP), with correlation coefficient(r) were -0.55 and -0.60 for NEP and GPP, respectively. However, the influence of carbon fluxes on CO2 were not significant at interannual scale, which implyed that the inter-annual changing trends of atmospheric CO2 in Northern Hemisphere were likely to depend more on anthropogenic CO2 emissions sources than on ecosystem change. It was estimated, by fitting a harmonic model to monthly-mean ACTE, that both annual mean and seasonal amplitude of ACTE increased over the 10-year period at rates of -0.55 and -0.60 ppm yr(-1), respectively. The uptrend of annual ACTE could be attributed to the dramatic global increase of CO2 emissions during the study period, whereas the increasing amplitude could be related to the increases in Northern Hemisphere biospheric activity. This study also found that the annual CO2 concentration showed large variation among ecosystems, with the high value appeared in deciduous broadleaf forest, evergreen broadleaf forest and cropland. We attribute these discrepancies to both differential local anthropogenic impacts and carbon sequestration abilities across ecosystem types. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
SubtypeJournal
KeywordCO2 concentration Terrestrial ecosystem Carbon flux Eddy covariance technique
Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS KeywordURBAN CO2 DOME ; NET CARBON ; INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY ; NORTHERN ECOSYSTEMS ; TEMPORAL VARIATIONS ; INVERSE MODEL ; 400 PPM ; EXCHANGE ; CYCLE ; TRENDS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000356991000009
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:16[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/44388
Collection生态系统网络观测与模拟院重点实验室_生态网络实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, M,Wu, JB,Zhu, XD,et al. Evolution and variation of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration over terrestrial ecosystems as derived from eddy covariance measurements[J]. ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT,2015,114:75-82.
APA Liu, M,Wu, JB,Zhu, XD,He, HL,Jia, WX,&Xiang, WN.(2015).Evolution and variation of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration over terrestrial ecosystems as derived from eddy covariance measurements.ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT,114,75-82.
MLA Liu, M,et al."Evolution and variation of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration over terrestrial ecosystems as derived from eddy covariance measurements".ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 114(2015):75-82.
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