Effects of plant-derived dissolved organic matter (DOM) on soil CO2 and N2O emissions and soil carbon and nitrogen sequestrations
Qiu, QY; Wu, LF; Ouyang, Z; Li, BB; Xu, YY; Wu, SS; Gregorich, EG
2015
Source PublicationAPPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY
ISSN0929-1393
Volume96Pages:122-130
AbstractDissolved organic matter (DOM) in soils play an essential role in soil physical, chemical and biological processes, but little information is available on the biodegradability of plant-derived DOM and its effect on soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration in field soils. The objectives of this study were to investigate the impacts of crop residue-derived DOM on soil CO2 and N2O emissions, as well as soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration by adding water extracts of maize stalk (i.e., plant-derived DOM) to soils. In this study, wheat was grown in pots under field conditions with treated soils, the soils treatments were: plant-derived DOM (PDOM), urea nitrogen (N), PDOM + urea nitrogen (PDOM + N), as well as a control with no additions to soil (CK). Adding plant-derived DOM to soil increased soil CO2 and N2O emissions (P < 0.05). During the wheat growing season, the cumulative CO2-C emission from CK, PDOM, N and PDOM + N was 107 +/- 1, 157 +/- 7, 136 +/- 2 and 149 +/- 6 g Cm-2, respectively. Meanwhile, the cumulative N2O-N emission from CK, PDOM, N and PDOM + N was 188 +/- 8, 256 +/- 5, 239 +/- 10 and 258 +/- 7 mg N m(-2), respectively. Compared with N treatment, DOM addition had little effect on soil N sequestration, but it accelerated the decomposition of native soil organic carbon (SOC) and caused a net loss of SOC. The soil C sequestration decreased about 151 +/- 67 and 51 +/- 45 g C m(-2) in PDOM and PDOM + N treatments, respectively. The increased microbial biomass and root biomass were responsible for the greater CO2 emission in DOM-amended soils. Negative correlation between dissolved organic carbon (DOC) content and N2O flux suggested that the release of N2O was dependent on the supply of DOC. These results indicated that the supply of plant-derived DOM exacerbated soil CO2 and N2O emissions and reduced soil C sequestration. Therefore, agricultural management practices that increase the stability of highly soluble C inputs and/or retard the decomposition of crop residues should be adopted to decrease soil greenhouse gas emission and increase soil C sequestration. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
SubtypeJournal
KeywordDissolved organic matter CO2 emission N2O emission Microbial biomass carbon Soil carbon sequestration Soil nitrogen sequestration
Subject AreaAgriculture
WOS Subject ExtendedSoil Science
WOS KeywordMICROBIAL BIOMASS-C ; NORTH CHINA PLAIN ; OXIDE EMISSIONS ; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS ; RESIDUE DECOMPOSITION ; GRASSLAND SOILS ; N AVAILABILITY ; POULTRY MANURE ; LABILE CARBON ; CROP RESIDUES
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000361880400015
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/44344
Collection生态系统网络观测与模拟院重点实验室_生态网络实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Qiu, QY,Wu, LF,Ouyang, Z,et al. Effects of plant-derived dissolved organic matter (DOM) on soil CO2 and N2O emissions and soil carbon and nitrogen sequestrations[J]. APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY,2015,96:122-130.
APA Qiu, QY.,Wu, LF.,Ouyang, Z.,Li, BB.,Xu, YY.,...&Gregorich, EG.(2015).Effects of plant-derived dissolved organic matter (DOM) on soil CO2 and N2O emissions and soil carbon and nitrogen sequestrations.APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY,96,122-130.
MLA Qiu, QY,et al."Effects of plant-derived dissolved organic matter (DOM) on soil CO2 and N2O emissions and soil carbon and nitrogen sequestrations".APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY 96(2015):122-130.
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