The permafrost carbon inventory on the Tibetan Plateau: a new evaluation using deep sediment cores
Ding, JZ; Li, F; Yang, GB; Chen, LY; Zhang, BB; Liu, L; Fang, K; Qin, SQ; Chen, YL; Peng, YF; Ji, CJ; He, HL; Smith, P; Yang, YH
2016
Source PublicationGLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
ISSN1354-1013
Volume22Issue:8Pages:2688-2701
AbstractThe permafrost organic carbon (OC) stock is of global significance because of its large pool size and the potential positive feedback to climate warming. However, due to the lack of systematic field observations and appropriate upscaling methodologies, substantial uncertainties exist in the permafrost OC budget, which limits our understanding of the fate of frozen carbon in a warming world. In particular, the lack of comprehensive estimates of OC stocks across alpine permafrost means that current knowledge on this issue remains incomplete. Here, we evaluated the pool size and spatial variations of permafrost OC stock to 3m depth on the Tibetan Plateau by combining systematic measurements from a substantial number of pedons (i.e. 342 three-metre-deep cores and 177 50-cm-deep pits) with a machine learning technique (i.e. support vector machine, SVM). We also quantified uncertainties in permafrost carbon budget by conducting Monte Carlo simulations. Our results revealed that the combination of systematic measurements with the SVM model allowed spatially explicit estimates to be made. The OC density (OC amount per unit area, OCD) exhibited a decreasing trend from the south-eastern to the north-western plateau, with the exception that OCD in the swamp meadow was substantially higher than that in surrounding regions. Our results also demonstrated that Tibetan permafrost stored a large amount of OC in the top 3m, with the median OC pool size being 15.31 Pg C (interquartile range: 13.03-17.77Pg C). 44% of OC occurred in deep layers (i.e. 100-300cm), close to the proportion observed across the northern circumpolar permafrost region. The large carbon pool size together with significant permafrost thawing suggests a risk of carbon emissions and positive climate feedback across the Tibetan alpine permafrost region.
SubtypeJournal
Keywordalpine permafrost carbon-climate feedback deep sediment soil organic carbon stock support vector machine
Subject AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS Subject ExtendedBiodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
WOS KeywordSOIL ORGANIC-CARBON ; SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; ARCTIC REGION ; VEGETATION ; CHINA ; STORAGE ; GRASSLANDS ; SIBERIA ; MATTER
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000380016800005
PublisherWILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation statistics
Cited Times:39[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/44203
Collection生态系统网络观测与模拟院重点实验室_生态网络实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ding, JZ,Li, F,Yang, GB,et al. The permafrost carbon inventory on the Tibetan Plateau: a new evaluation using deep sediment cores[J]. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,2016,22(8):2688-2701.
APA Ding, JZ.,Li, F.,Yang, GB.,Chen, LY.,Zhang, BB.,...&Yang, YH.(2016).The permafrost carbon inventory on the Tibetan Plateau: a new evaluation using deep sediment cores.GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,22(8),2688-2701.
MLA Ding, JZ,et al."The permafrost carbon inventory on the Tibetan Plateau: a new evaluation using deep sediment cores".GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 22.8(2016):2688-2701.
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