|Assessment of Plant-Driven Mineral Weathering in an Aggrading Forested Watershed in Subtropical China|
|Zuo, SM; Yang, JL; Huang, LM; Rossiter, DG; Zhang, GL
|Abstract||Plant growth contributes to mineral weathering, but this contribution remains poorly understood. Weathering rates in an aggrading forested watershed in subtropical China were studied by means of geochemical mass balance. Rainfall, dry deposition, and streamwater were monitored from March 2007 to February 2012. Samples of vegetative components, rainfall, dry deposition, streamwater, representative soils, and parent rock were collected and determined for mass balance calculation and clarifying plant-driven weathering mechanisms stoichiometrically. Ignoring biomass, weathering rates of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, and Si were 25.6, 10.7, 2.8, and 51.0 kg ha(-1) year(-1), respectively. Taking biomass into consideration, weathering rates of Ca2+, Mg2+, and Si and the sum of weathering rates of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, and Si were 2.6, 1.8, 1.2, and 1.5-fold higher than those ignoring biomass, respectively. This is attributed to plant-driven weathering due to the nutrient (e.g., Ca2+, Mg2+, and K+) absorption by vegetation and substantial proton production during assimilation of these nutrients, with the former acting as a pump for removing weathering products and the latter being a source of weathering agents solubilizing mineral components. The same pattern of weathering, i.e., higher rates of weathering with than without including biomass in mass balance calculation, was reported in previous studies; however, the extent to which plants drive weathering rates varied with vegetation types and climatic zones. The documented biological weathering driven by plants is expected to play a critical role in regulating nutrient cycling and material flows within the Earth's Critical Zone.|
Earth's Critical Zone
geochemical mass balance
|WOS Subject Extended||Soil Science
|WOS Keyword||GEOCHEMICAL MASS BALANCES
; BASE CATION
; SOIL ACIDIFICATION
Zuo, SM,Yang, JL,Huang, LM,et al. Assessment of Plant-Driven Mineral Weathering in an Aggrading Forested Watershed in Subtropical China[J]. PEDOSPHERE,2016,26(6):817-828.
Zuo, SM,Yang, JL,Huang, LM,Rossiter, DG,&Zhang, GL.(2016).Assessment of Plant-Driven Mineral Weathering in an Aggrading Forested Watershed in Subtropical China.PEDOSPHERE,26(6),817-828.
Zuo, SM,et al."Assessment of Plant-Driven Mineral Weathering in an Aggrading Forested Watershed in Subtropical China".PEDOSPHERE 26.6(2016):817-828.
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