Recovery time and state change of terrestrial carbon cycle after disturbance
Fu, Z; Li, DJ; Hararuk, O; Schwalm, C; Luo, YQ; Yan, LM; Niu, SL
2017
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS
ISSN1748-9326
Volume12Issue:10Pages:-
AbstractEcosystems usually recover from disturbance until a stable state, during which carbon (C) is accumulated to compensate for the C loss associated with disturbance events. However, it is not well understood how likely it is for an ecosystem to recover to an alternative state and how long it takes to recover toward a stable state. Here, we synthesized the results from 77 peer-reviewed case studies that examined ecosystem recovery following disturbances to quantify state change (relative changes between pre-disturbance and fully recovered states) and recovery times for various C cycle variables and disturbance types. We found that most ecosystem C pools and fluxes fully recovered to a stable state that was not significantly different from the pre-disturbance state, except for leaf area index and net primary productivity, which were 10% and 35% higher than the pre-disturbance value, respectively, in forest ecosystem. Recovery times varied largely among variables and disturbance types in the forest, with the longest recovery time required for total biomass (104 +/- 33 years) and the shortest time required for C fluxes (23 +/- 5 years). The longest and shortest recovery times for different disturbance types are deforestation (101 +/- 28 years) and drought (10 +/- 1 years), respectively. The recovery time was related to disturbance severity with severer disturbances requiring longer recovery times. However, in the long term, recovery had a strong tendency to drive ecosystem C accumulation towards an equilibrium state. Although we assumed disturbances are static, the recovery-related estimates and relationships revealed in this study are crucial for improving the estimates of disturbance impacts and long-term C balance in terrestrial ecosystems within a disturbance-recovery cycle.
SubtypeJournal
Keywordstate change recovery time carbon cycle equilibrium state global synthesis
Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS KeywordABOVEGROUND BIOMASS ACCUMULATION ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; NORTH-AMERICA ; BOREAL FOREST ; REGIME SHIFTS ; UNITED-STATES ; DYNAMICS ; ECOSYSTEMS ; SATURATION ; GROWTH
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000412290400001
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:7[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/43996
Collection生态系统网络观测与模拟院重点实验室_生态网络实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fu, Z,Li, DJ,Hararuk, O,et al. Recovery time and state change of terrestrial carbon cycle after disturbance[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS,2017,12(10):-.
APA Fu, Z.,Li, DJ.,Hararuk, O.,Schwalm, C.,Luo, YQ.,...&Niu, SL.(2017).Recovery time and state change of terrestrial carbon cycle after disturbance.ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS,12(10),-.
MLA Fu, Z,et al."Recovery time and state change of terrestrial carbon cycle after disturbance".ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS 12.10(2017):-.
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