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Impact of composting strategies on the degradation of nonylphenol in sewage sludge
Zheng G. D.; Chen, T. B.; Yu, J.; Gao, D.; Shen, Y. J.; Niu, M. J.; Liu, H. T.
Source PublicationEcotoxicology
2015
Volume24
Issue10
Pages2081-2087
KeywordNonylphenol Degradation Compost Sewage sludge Bulking agent Aeration aromatic-hydrocarbons pahs water treatment plants activated-sludge biodegradation fate ethoxylates 4-nonylphenol waste polyethoxylates environment
AbstractNonylphenol can be present in sewage sludge, and this can limit the use of the sewage sludge to amend soil. Composting is one of the most efficient and economical methods of making sewage sludge stable and harmless. The nonylphenol degradation rates during composting with added bulking agents and with aeration applied were studied. Three organic bulking agents (sawdust, corn stalk, and mushroom residue) were added to sewage sludge, and the effects of the bulking agents used and the amount added on nonylphenol degradation were determined. The highest apparent nonylphenol degradation rate (71.6 %) was found for sewage sludge containing 20 % mushroom residue. The lowest apparent nonylphenol degradation rate (22.5 %) was found for sewage sludge containing 20 % sawdust. The temperature of the composting pile of sewage sludge containing 20 % sawdust became too high for nonylphenol to be efficiently degraded, and the apparent nonylphenol degradation rate was lower than was found for sewage sludge containing 10 % sawdust. Increasing the ventilating time from 5 to 15 min increased the apparent nonylphenol degradation rate from 19.7 to 41.6 %. Using appropriate aerobic conditions facilitates the degradation of nonylphenol in sewage sludge, decreasing the risks posed by sewage sludge applied to land. Adding too much of a bulking agent can decrease the amount of the nonylphenol degraded. Increasing the ventilating time and the amount of air supplied can increase the amount of nonylphenol degraded even if doing so causes the composting pile temperature to remain low.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
ISSN0963-9292
DOI10.1007/s10646-015-1558-x
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeSCI/SSCI论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/43602
Collection历年回溯文献
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zheng G. D.,Chen, T. B.,Yu, J.,et al. Impact of composting strategies on the degradation of nonylphenol in sewage sludge. 2015.
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