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The gender gap among school children in poor rural areas of western China: evidence from a multi-province dataset
Zhou H.; Mo, D.; Zhou, C. C.; Medina, A.; Shi, Y. J.; Zhang, L. X.; Rozelle, S.
Source PublicationInternational Journal for Equity in Health
Keywordacademic-achievement health-care nutritional-status missing females south-india test-scores girls adolescents performance mortality
AbstractBackground: The gender gap remains a major impediment in the path towards equality and it is especially wide in low-income countries. Up to the early 2000s, many studies documented extensive inequalities in China: girls had poorer health, less nutrition and less education than their male counterparts. The goal of this study is to examine whether the gender gap persists, given that China is now making the transition into the ranks of upper-middle income countries. We consider educational outcomes, mental and physical health status, as well as non-cognitive outcomes. Methods: We draw on a dataset containing 69,565 observations constructed by combining data from 7 different school-level surveys spanning 5 provinces. The surveys were all conducted by the authors between 2008 and 2013 using uniform survey instruments and data collection protocols in randomly selected schools across western provinces in rural China. The sample children range in age from 9 to 14 years (with 79 % of the sample being aged 10 to 12). Our analysis compares rural girls with rural boys in terms of 13 different indicators. Results: With the exception of anemia rates, the health outcomes of girls are equal to those of boys. Girls and boys are statistically identical in terms of weight-for-age, height-for-age, and prevalence of intestinal worm infections. Girls performed better than boys on five of six cognitive and educational performance indicators. Girls performed worse than boys on all mental health indicators. All estimates are robust to the inclusion of different age ranges, controlling for the level of household assets, ethnic minority status, as well as the addition of provincial dummies. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that with the exception of non-cognitive outcomes, anemia and standardized math test scores, the gender gap in our study areas in China appears to be diminishing.
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GB/T 7714
Zhou H.,Mo, D.,Zhou, C. C.,et al. The gender gap among school children in poor rural areas of western China: evidence from a multi-province dataset. 2016.
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