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Remote estimation of canopy nitrogen content in winter wheat using airborne hyperspectral reflectance measurements
Zhou X. F.; Huang, W. J.; Kong, W. P.; Ye, H. C.; Luo, J. H.; Chen, P. F.
Source PublicationAdvances in Space Research
KeywordAirborne hyperspectral Spectral index Canopy nitrogen content Winter wheat leaf-area index vegetation indexes sensing data chlorophyll parameters management spectra imagery models maize
AbstractTimely and accurate assessment of canopy nitrogen content (CNC) provides valuable insight into rapid and real-time nitrogen status monitoring in crops. A semi-empirical approach based on spectral index was extensively used for nitrogen content estimation. However, in many cases, due to specific vegetation types or local conditions, the applicability and robustness of established spectral indices for nitrogen retrieval were limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the optimal spectral index for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) CNC estimation using Pushbroom Hyperspectral Imager (PHI) airborne hyperspectral data. Data collected from two different field experiments that were conducted during the major growth stages of winter wheat in 2002 and 2003 were used. Our results showed that a significant linear relationship existed between nitrogen and chlorophyll content at the canopy level, and it was not affected by cultivars, growing conditions and nutritional status of winter wheat. Nevertheless, it varied with growth stages. Periods around heading stage mainly worsened the relationship and CNC estimation, and CNC assessment for growth stages before and after heading could improve CNC retrieval accuracy to some extent. CNC assessment with PHI airborne hyperspectra suggested that spectral indices based on red-edge band including narrowband and broadband CIred-edge, NDVI-like and ND705 showed convincing results in CNC retrieval. NDVI-like and ND705 were sensitive to detect CNC changes less than 5 g/m(2), narrowband and broadband CIred-edge were sensitive to a wide range of CNC variations. Further evaluation of CNC retrieval using field measured hyperspectra indicated that NDVI-like was robust and exhibited the highest accuracy in CNC assessment, and spectral indices (a and CIred-edge and CIgreen, that established on narrow or broad bands showed no obvious difference in CNC assessment. Overall, our study suggested that NDVI-like was the optimal indicator for winter wheat CNC retrieval. (C) 2016 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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GB/T 7714
Zhou X. F.,Huang, W. J.,Kong, W. P.,et al. Remote estimation of canopy nitrogen content in winter wheat using airborne hyperspectral reflectance measurements. 2016.
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