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Urbanization and Sustainability: Comparison of the Processes in "BIC" Countries
Zeng C.; Deng, X. Z.; Dong, J. N.; Hu, P. Y.
Source PublicationSustainability
2016
Volume8
Issue4
Keywordurbanization sustainability Brazil India China urban ecology human health consumption future cities china
AbstractThe urbanized world has brought social, economic, and environmental sustainability into challenged surroundings in rapidly rising countries, thereby requiring the exploration of their intertwined relationships. This study regarded Brazil, India, and China as "BIC" countries to be the representative study areas for our investigation of sustainability in the context of rapid urbanization. In general, our work was synthesized into a comparison framework in four aspects: rural-urban relation, industrial development, city development, and urban landscape pattern. We determined that rural-urban dichotomy exists in all study areas, with India and China having a high degree. China was identified as a manufacturing-based country in the past half-century, whereas Brazil and India have the service sector as their primary industry. The distribution of large cities follows a regional pattern, with Brazil being northeast-focused, China being southeast-focused, and India being comparatively balanced. The Amazon forest in the north brings great challenges to Brazil with respect to the conservation of its biodiversity and eco-environment. India and China have encountered tremendous urban expansion or sprawl in the past several decades. The sustainability issues in social, economic, and environmental aspects for Brazil, India, and China were summarized in the context of rapid urbanization to provide references for other countries.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
ISSN2071-1050
DOI10.3390/su8040400
Citation statistics
Document TypeSCI/SSCI论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/43384
Collection历年回溯文献
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zeng C.,Deng, X. Z.,Dong, J. N.,et al. Urbanization and Sustainability: Comparison of the Processes in "BIC" Countries. 2016.
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