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Spatial distribution characteristics and optimized reconstruction analysis of China's rural settlements during the process of rapid urbanization
Yang R.; Xu, Q.; Long, H. L.
Source PublicationJournal of Rural Studies
KeywordSpatial distribution mode Rural settlements Geographical detector Average nearest neighbor distance Rural geography China hollowed villages land-use equalized development residential land driving forces patterns systems areas consolidation agriculture
AbstractThe population density of rural areas is generally lower than before due to rapid industrialization. Spatial optimized reconstruction of rural settlements is the key to rural sustainable development. Analyzing the distribution characteristics of rural settlements and their impact has profound implications for rural reconstruction. Several types of spatial distribution of rural settlements, such as clustered, random, and uniform discrete distribution, were found in China with significant regional differences. Rural settlements were denser in the southeastern regions compared to the northwestern regions. In regions such as plains, the spatial distribution of rural settlements was denser and the spatial distribution modes were mainly random and disperse. In regions such as cold alpine areas and desert fringes, the rural settlements density was low and mainly clustered. In the transition zone between hills and mountains, the density of rural settlements was high and the spatial distribution mode was mainly random. Rural settlements distribution was influenced by traditions and the economy, with economic development becoming increasingly influential. Additional factors that affected rural settlements distribution included average distance to main roadway, agricultural machinery, per capita grain production, per capita arable land, population density, elevation, precipitation, etc. Multiple distribution patterns should be used to reconstruct rural spaces in different geographical areas. Typical patterns included radially balanced, central land distribution mode; radially imbalanced distribution mode; multicore central land distribution mode, and corridor balanced and imbalanced distribution modes. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Cited Times:43[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeSCI/SSCI论文
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GB/T 7714
Yang R.,Xu, Q.,Long, H. L.. Spatial distribution characteristics and optimized reconstruction analysis of China's rural settlements during the process of rapid urbanization. 2016.
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