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Comparison of Socioeconomic Factors between Surrounding and Non-Surrounding Areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway before and after Its Construction
Li S. C.; Wang, Z. F.; Zhang, Y. L.; Wang, Y. K.; Liu, F. G.
Source PublicationSustainability
2016
Volume8
Issue8
KeywordQinghai-Tibet Railway comparison study transport system GDP population industrial structure urbanization level green railway china accessibility network urbanization environment population enrichment railroad growth
AbstractAs the world's highest railway, and the longest highland railway, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway (QTR) has been paid considerable attention by researchers. However, most attention has been paid to the ecological and environmental issues affecting it, and sustainable ecological, social, and economic development-related studies of the QTR are rare. In this study, by analyzing the passenger traffic, freight traffic, passenger-kilometers, and freight-kilometers of the QTR for the period 1982-2013 and the transport structure of the Tibetan Plateau (TP) for 1990-2013, the evolutionary process of the transport system in the TP following the construction of the QTR has been revealed. Subsequently, by comparing Gross Domestic Product (GDP), population, industrial structure, and urbanization level at the county and 1 km scales between surrounding and non-surrounding areas of the QTR, the differences in socioeconomic performance before and after its construction were detected. The results show that (1) in the TP, the highway-dominated transport system will break up and an integrated and sustainable transport system will form; (2) at the county scale, the annual growth rates of GDP of counties surrounding the QTR were greater than those of non-surrounding counties for the period 2000-2010. At the 1 km scale, following the opening of the completed line, the GDP of surrounding areas had a greater growth rate than before; (3) analysis at the county and 1 km scales indicated that population was not aggregated into the surrounding areas of the QTR in the period 2000-2010; (4) in terms of industrial structure, the proportion of primary industry decreased continuously, while the proportion of secondary and tertiary industries increased overall in the period 1984-2012. The QTR had no obvious impact on changes in the urbanization level of its surrounding areas.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
ISSN2071-1050
DOI10.3390/su8080776
Citation statistics
Document TypeSCI/SSCI论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/43038
Collection历年回溯文献
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li S. C.,Wang, Z. F.,Zhang, Y. L.,et al. Comparison of Socioeconomic Factors between Surrounding and Non-Surrounding Areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway before and after Its Construction. 2016.
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