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Pedogenesis significantly decreases the stability of water-dispersible soil colloids in a humid tropical region
Huang L. M.; Zhang, X. H.; Shao, M. A.; Rossiter, D.; Zhang, G. L.
Source PublicationGeoderma
KeywordSoil development Chronosequence Mineral in clay Colloid stability Point of zero charge Delta pH different parent materials arid-zone soils aggregate stability clay dispersion hainan island charge characteristics facilitated transport southeastern nigeria biogenic silica organic-matter
AbstractThe stability of soil colloids influences soil physicochemical properties, soil development, and transfer of nutrients and contaminants to surface and ground waters. A better understanding of soil colloids stability dynamics during soil evolution is important for the evaluation of soil's capacity to retain nutrients and/or accommodate toxic contaminants. This study was aimed to determine changes in the stability of water-dispersible soil colloids that accompany mineral transformation and surface charge evolution during pedogenesis using a well characterized chronosequence derived from basalt in the humid tropical region of Hainan Island, South China. The results demonstrated that the pH-dependent colloid stability decreased significantly with tropical soil development, which we attribute to the substantial changes in clay mineral compositions and colloid surface charge properties. Clay minerals in the studied chronosequence were characterized by an increase of kaolinite, gibbsite and Fe oxides and a decrease of quartz and halloysite towards more advanced stages of weathering, which resulted in the decline of permanent negative charges in the older soils. The point of zero charge (pH(PZC)) increased while Delta pH decreased across the tropical soil chronosequence, being in good agreement with the observed lower colloid stability in aged soils dominated by kaolinitic minerals. Our study of colloid stability at long-term pedogenic time scale suggests young tropical soils (<180 ka) with high surface charge are subjected to higher risk of clay movement and colloid-facilitated nutrients and contaminants transport. Careful management practices are thus required to avoid colloids dispersion and transport in young tropical soils either by reducing the frequency/intensity of pore-water flow or by liming to counter the high permanent negative charges. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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GB/T 7714
Huang L. M.,Zhang, X. H.,Shao, M. A.,et al. Pedogenesis significantly decreases the stability of water-dispersible soil colloids in a humid tropical region. 2016.
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