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Re-interpretation of the classical geopolitical theories in a critical geopolitical perspective
Hu Z. D.; Lu, D. D.
Source PublicationJournal of Geographical Sciences
2016
Volume26
Issue12
Pages1769-1784
Keywordcritical geopolitics geopolitics national organism theory sea power theory land power theory edge district theory political-geography states terror war
AbstractStruggling for supremacy between great powers and the rise or fall and regime change of great powers are all subject to the Geopolitical Law. Geographers should keep in step with the times, accurately grasp the national interests, and seize the opportunity to contribute to the great rejuvenation of our nation. However, due to lack of criticism on the history and philosophy of geopolitics, we can neither accurately understand the geopolitical theory, nor effectively put the geopolitical theory into practice. This paper introduces the development of critical geopolitics, summarizes the three characteristics of critical geopolitics, and interprets the four classical geopolitical theories accordingly. In order to simplify the interpretation process, this paper firstly presents an analytical framework for interpretation of four classical geopolitical theories; secondly, focuses on interpretation of "The Geographical Pivot of History" put forward by Mackinder according to the analytical framework; finally, critically summarizes the four classical geopolitical theories. Through the critical interpretation, this paper draws a conclusion that there are the scientific, hypothetical and conceptual classical geopolitical theories. The construction of classical geopolitical theories is based on the international geopolitical structure, spatial distribution of national interests and inter-state spatial conflict, in order to show the identity of theoretical constructor, so as to reflect the historicality, sociality, situationality and geographical knowledge -power structure of geopolitical theories.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
ISSN1009-637X
DOI10.1007/s11442-016-1357-1
Citation statistics
Document TypeSCI/SSCI论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/42986
Collection历年回溯文献
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hu Z. D.,Lu, D. D.. Re-interpretation of the classical geopolitical theories in a critical geopolitical perspective. 2016.
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