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The composition, spatial patterns, and influencing factors of atmospheric wet nitrogen deposition in Chinese terrestrial ecosystems
Zhu J. X.; He, N. P.; Wang, Q. F.; Yuan, G. F.; Wen, D.; Yu, G. R.; Jia, Y. L.
Source PublicationScience of the Total Environment
2015
Volume511
Pages777-785
KeywordNitrogen Wet Deposition Spatial Pattern Composition Influencing Factors Organic Nitrogen Forest Ecosystems Northeast China United-states South China Precipitation Sulfur Impact Carbon Cycle
AbstractAtmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition is an important component of the global N cycle, and is a key source of biologically available N. Understanding the spatio-temporal patterns and influencing factors of N deposition is essential to evaluate its ecological effects on terrestrial ecosystems, and to provide a scientific basis for global change research. In this study, we monitored the monthly atmospheric N deposition in rainfall at 41 stations from the Chinese Ecosystem Research Network through measuring total N (TN), total dissolved N (TDN), ammonium (NH4+-N), and nitrate (NO3-;-N). The results showed that the atmospheric wet deposition of TDN, NH4+-N, and NO3--N were 13.69, 7.25, and 5.93 kg N ha(-1) yr(-1), respectively. The deposition of TN and total particulate N (TPN) was 18.02 and 4.33 kg N ha(-1) yr(-1) respectively, in 2013. TPN accounted for 24% of TN, while NH4+-N and NO3--N made up 40% and 33%, respectively, confirming the assumption that atmospheric wet N deposition would be underestimated without particulate N in rainfall. The N deposition was higher in Central and Southern China, and lower in North-west, North-east, Inner Mongolia, and Qinghai-Tibet regions. Precipitation, N fertilizer use, and energy consumption were significantly correlated with wet N deposition (all p <0.01). Models that included precipitation and N fertilizer can explain 80-91% of the variability in wet N deposition. Our findings reveal, for the first time, the composition of the wet N deposition in China at different scales and highlight the importance of TPN. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
ISSN0048-9697
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.038
Citation statistics
Cited Times:86[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeSCI/SSCI论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/39096
Collection历年回溯文献
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu J. X.,He, N. P.,Wang, Q. F.,et al. The composition, spatial patterns, and influencing factors of atmospheric wet nitrogen deposition in Chinese terrestrial ecosystems. 2015.
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