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A method for assessing the impacts of an international agreement on regional progress towards Sustainable Development Goals
Huan, Yizhong1,2,3; Yu, Yurong3; Liang, Tao1,2; Burgman, Mark3
2021-09-01
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0048-9697
Volume785Pages:11
Corresponding AuthorLiang, Tao(liangt@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractIn 2015, 193 countries committed to 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG/SDGs). Assessing the impacts of policies or actions on SDGs can help countries to improve actions towards achieving SDGs. There is a need for quantitative methods for assessing the impacts of international agreements on regional SDGs. To fill this research gap, we constructed a composite methodological framework, including a difference-in-differences (DID) model (based on the interactions between SDGs), a lag-effects model and a difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) model. Specifically, the DID and lag-effects models were used to analyze the basic effects of the agreement and the effects lag period. The DDD model was used to analyze the impacts of heterogeneity among countries on the outcomes of the agreement. We aim to construct a general methodological framework that can assess the impacts of an agreement on any one SDG. To test this method empirically, we chose the & ldquo;Belt and Road & rdquo; Initiative (BRI) and assessed its effects on SDG 1 (no poverty), evaluating data from 20 countries, 15 of which participated in the BRI. The empirical results showed that SDG 1 exhibits spatial agglomeration and spillover effects, and the impacts of BRI may be underestimated if the spatial characteristics are not considered. The BRI appears to promote SDG 1 in 15 participating countries, but the effects have a 2-year lag. The positive effects of BRI on SDG 1 are most pronounced in the 12 upper -middle-and high-income countries among the 15 participating countries. Finally, we analyzed the advantages and limitations of the methodological framework. (c) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordSustainable Development Goals International agreement Impact assessment Policy evaluation Difference-in-differences Belt and road initiative
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147336
WOS KeywordQUASI-NATURAL EXPERIMENT ; FAST-FOOD INDUSTRY ; ECONOMIC-GROWTH ; MINIMUM-WAGES ; NEW-JERSEY ; CHINA ; EMPLOYMENT ; EMISSIONS ; POLICY ; POLLUTION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program A of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA20010301] ; State Scholarship Fund of China Scholarship Council[202004910544]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program A of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Scholarship Fund of China Scholarship Council
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000659454800016
PublisherELSEVIER
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/164153
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLiang, Tao
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Imperial Coll London, Ctr Environm Policy, London, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huan, Yizhong,Yu, Yurong,Liang, Tao,et al. A method for assessing the impacts of an international agreement on regional progress towards Sustainable Development Goals[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2021,785:11.
APA Huan, Yizhong,Yu, Yurong,Liang, Tao,&Burgman, Mark.(2021).A method for assessing the impacts of an international agreement on regional progress towards Sustainable Development Goals.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,785,11.
MLA Huan, Yizhong,et al."A method for assessing the impacts of an international agreement on regional progress towards Sustainable Development Goals".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 785(2021):11.
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