Applying biochar under topsoil facilitates soil carbon sequestration: A case study in a dryland agricultural system on the Loess Plateau
Li, Shuailin1,2; Ma, Qiang1; Zhou, Changrui1,3; Yu, Wantai1; Shangguan, Zhouping2
Source PublicationGEODERMA
Corresponding AuthorYu, Wantai(wtyu@iac.cn) ; Shangguan, Zhouping(shangguan@ms-iswc.ac.cn)
AbstractThe remarkable soil carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas mitigation effects of biochar have spurred great interest in exploring ways to maximize its benefits. However, it remains unclear how biochar application depth impacts soil carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and methane (CH4) uptake in upland soil. Therefore, we carried out a 16-month field experiment in a dryland agricultural system to answer the above questions. Woody biochar (20 t ha(-1)) was mixed into three soil layers: 0-10 cm (BC0-10cm)(,) 10-20 cm (BC10-20cm), and 0-20 cm (BC0-20cm). Soil without biochar addition was used as the control (CK). We monitored soil CO2 and CH4 fluxes continuously and determined the metabolic quotient (qCO(2)) and the sensitivity of soil respiration to temperature (Q(10)). The results indicated that CO2 emissions, CH4 uptake, qCO(2) and Q(10) were significantly affected by biochar application depth. Overall, compared with CK, BC0-10cm increased total CO2 emissions by 10.13%, while BC10-20cm and BC0-20cm showed no significant effect. BC0-10cm and BC0-20cm exhibited greater soil CH4 uptake enhancement than BC10-20cm, but the enhanced CH4 uptake resulted in limited net greenhouse gas mitigation. BC10-20cm and BC0-20cm had a lower qCO(2) than the other treatments, which likely increased the carbon use efficiency and decreased the stress on soil microbes, but BC0-10cm showed the opposite effect. In addition, BC0-10cm significantly reduced Q(10) mainly due to the enhanced lability of the native carbon and microbial activities. Changes in environmental factors in the 0-10 cm soil largely explained the variations in CO2 emissions, CH4 uptake and Q(10) (>88%). Nevertheless, the enhanced microbial biomass in the 10-20 cm soil helped lower qCO(2) in the whole 0-20 cm layer. In summary, adding biochar to surface soil (0-10 cm) likely accelerates carbon loss, due to the strong shift in the environment of the surface soil caused by complex interactions among hydrothermal conditions, nutrient levels (i.e., N, NH4+, NO3 and available P) and labile carbon. However, adding biochar to subsurface soil (10-20 cm) can effectively avoid severe disturbance of the surface soil environment and thus benefit soil carbon sequestration in the long term.
KeywordBiochar application depth Soil respiration Methane uptake Metabolic quotient (qCO(2)) Temperature sensitivity (Q(10))
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[42077452] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[32001212]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaAgriculture
WOS SubjectSoil Science
WOS IDWOS:000671591200004
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorYu, Wantai; Shangguan, Zhouping
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Appl Ecol, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci & Minist Water Resources, State Key Lab Soil Eros & Dryland Farming Loess P, Inst Soil & Water Conservat, Xian 712100, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Shuailin,Ma, Qiang,Zhou, Changrui,et al. Applying biochar under topsoil facilitates soil carbon sequestration: A case study in a dryland agricultural system on the Loess Plateau[J]. GEODERMA,2021,403:13.
APA Li, Shuailin,Ma, Qiang,Zhou, Changrui,Yu, Wantai,&Shangguan, Zhouping.(2021).Applying biochar under topsoil facilitates soil carbon sequestration: A case study in a dryland agricultural system on the Loess Plateau.GEODERMA,403,13.
MLA Li, Shuailin,et al."Applying biochar under topsoil facilitates soil carbon sequestration: A case study in a dryland agricultural system on the Loess Plateau".GEODERMA 403(2021):13.
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