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Does road accessibility benefit rural poor? Evidence on the extent of household off-farm employment from 2004 to 2018
Bai, Yunli1; Zhou, Tianhao2,3; Ma, Zhiyuan4,5; Zhang, Linxiu1,6
2021-03-09
Source PublicationCHINA AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC REVIEW
ISSN1756-137X
Pages34
Corresponding AuthorBai, Yunli(baiyl.11b@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractPurpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of infrastructure on the income growth and poverty reduction of rural household in China by estimating the impact of road accessibility on the extent of household off-farm employment and its heterogeneous effects among the groups with different income level and earning capacity. Design/methodology/approach Using nationally representative panel data collected in 100 villages about 2000 households across five provinces in 2005, 2008, 2012, 2016 and 2019. This study adopts Tobit model with panel data, zero-inflated Poisson model and static nonbalanced panel model to yield consistent results. Findings We find that road accessibility generally has no effect on the number of off-farm laborers and duration of off-farm employment. However, road accessibility is not beneficial for the households in the low-income villages or with low educational attainment, but it benefits the households in the high-income villages by promoting local off-farm employment or with high educational attainment by increasing the duration of migrant off-farm employment. Originality/value This study identifies the heterogeneous effects of road accessibility on the extent of off-farm employment among rural households, which narrows the research gap and enriches the literature. The empirical findings imply that road accessibility widens the gap between rich and poor in off-farm employment, which is of great important to the alleviation of relative poverty after 2020 in China.
KeywordRoad accessibility Off-farm employment Extent Heterogeneous effects Rural poverty H41 H54 J21 J24
DOI10.1108/CAER-06-2020-0150
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[71903185] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA20010303]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaAgriculture ; Business & Economics
WOS SubjectAgricultural Economics & Policy ; Economics
WOS IDWOS:000627006400001
PublisherEMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/162133
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorBai, Yunli
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Ecosyst Network Observat & Modeling, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sino Danish Coll, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Publ Policy & Management, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.United Nat Environm Programme, Int Ecosyst Management Partnership, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bai, Yunli,Zhou, Tianhao,Ma, Zhiyuan,et al. Does road accessibility benefit rural poor? Evidence on the extent of household off-farm employment from 2004 to 2018[J]. CHINA AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC REVIEW,2021:34.
APA Bai, Yunli,Zhou, Tianhao,Ma, Zhiyuan,&Zhang, Linxiu.(2021).Does road accessibility benefit rural poor? Evidence on the extent of household off-farm employment from 2004 to 2018.CHINA AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC REVIEW,34.
MLA Bai, Yunli,et al."Does road accessibility benefit rural poor? Evidence on the extent of household off-farm employment from 2004 to 2018".CHINA AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC REVIEW (2021):34.
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