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A Systematic Review of the Development and Validation of the Heat Vulnerability Index: Major Factors, Methods, and Spatial Units
Niu, Yanlin1,2,3,4; Li, Zhichao5; Gao, Yuan1; Liu, Xiaobo1; Xu, Lei1,6,7; Vardoulakis, Sotiris8; Yue, Yujuan1; Wang, Jun1; Liu, Qiyong1,4
2021-04-27
Source PublicationCURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS
ISSN2198-6061
Pages11
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Qiyong(liuqiyong@icdc.cn)
AbstractPurpose of review This review aims to identify the key factors, methods, and spatial units used in the development and validation of the heat vulnerability index (HVI) and discuss the underlying limitations of the data and methods by evaluating the performance of the HVI. Recent findings Thirteen studies characterizing the factors of the HVI development and relating the index with validation data were identified. Five types of factors (i.e., hazard exposure, demographic characteristics, socioeconomic conditions, built environment, and underlying health) of the HVI development were identified, and the top five were social cohesion, race, and/or ethnicity, landscape, age, and economic status. The principal component analysis/factor analysis (PCA/FA) was often used in index development, and four types of spatial units (i.e., census tracts, administrative area, postal code, grid) were used for establishing the relationship between factors and the HVI. Moreover, although most studies showed that a higher HVI was often associated with the increase in health risk, the strength of the relationship was weak. This review provides a retrospect of the major factors, methods, and spatial units used in development and validation of the HVI and helps to define the framework for future studies. In the future, more information on the hazard exposure, underlying health, governance, and protection awareness should be considered in the HVI development, and the duration and location of validation data should be strengthened to verify the reliability of HVI.
KeywordHeat vulnerability index Index development Index validation Influencing factors Spatial units Systematic review
DOI10.1007/s40641-021-00173-3
WOS KeywordWAVE VULNERABILITY ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; EXTREME HEAT ; LAND-USE ; MORTALITY ; TEMPERATURE ; LEVEL ; COUNTY ; PERFORMANCE ; PHOENIX
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectWellcome Trust[209387/Z/17/Z] ; Strategy and Technology Research on Climate Change Health Risk Assessment ; China Prosperity Strategic Program Fund (SPF)[201516] ; China Prosperity Strategic Program Fund (SPF)[15LCI1] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41801336]
Funding OrganizationWellcome Trust ; Strategy and Technology Research on Climate Change Health Risk Assessment ; China Prosperity Strategic Program Fund (SPF) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000644745400001
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/161573
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Qiyong
Affiliation1.Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Natl Inst Communicable Dis Control & Prevent, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Diag & Treatment Infect Di, State Key Lab Infect Dis Prevent & Control, 155 Changbai Rd, Beijing 102206, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Ctr Dis Prevent & Control, Inst Nutr & Food Hyg, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Res Ctr Prevent Med Beijing, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.UCL, London, England
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Earth Syst Sci, Minist Educ, Key Lab Earth Syst Modeling, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Tsinghua Univ, Inst China Sustainable Urbanizat, Ctr Hlth Cities, Beijing, Peoples R China
8.Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Populat Hlth, Natl Ctr Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Niu, Yanlin,Li, Zhichao,Gao, Yuan,et al. A Systematic Review of the Development and Validation of the Heat Vulnerability Index: Major Factors, Methods, and Spatial Units[J]. CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS,2021:11.
APA Niu, Yanlin.,Li, Zhichao.,Gao, Yuan.,Liu, Xiaobo.,Xu, Lei.,...&Liu, Qiyong.(2021).A Systematic Review of the Development and Validation of the Heat Vulnerability Index: Major Factors, Methods, and Spatial Units.CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS,11.
MLA Niu, Yanlin,et al."A Systematic Review of the Development and Validation of the Heat Vulnerability Index: Major Factors, Methods, and Spatial Units".CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS (2021):11.
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