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Tele-connection of global crude oil network: Comparisons between direct trade and embodied flows
Song, Zhouying1,2,3; Zhu, Qiaoling1,2,3; Han, Mengyao1,2,3
2021-02-15
Source PublicationENERGY
ISSN0360-5442
Volume217Pages:13
Corresponding AuthorHan, Mengyao(hanmy@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractCrude oil is one of the most widely used energy sources and the most important commodities in the global economy. To illustrate the gap between crude oil trade and consumption, this study calculated the internal intensity of global crude oil tele-connection, compared the differences of topological structures, and tested the energy risks between the direct oil trade network and embodied oil transfer network. Based on the results, evident differences were identified between the direct trade network and embodied transfer network. The direct trade network had less relational links but a higher internal intensity level, while the embodied oil transfer network had more relational links but a lower internal intensity level. For the regional components, the crude-oil-rich and highly industrialized countries/regions occupied the core circle in the direct oil trade network, whereas the highly industrialized countries/regions occupied the core position in the embodied oil transfer network. When tested, node countries in the core circle of the trade network were less sensitive under deliberate attack, but the direct oil trade network was easier to collapse than the embodied transfer network. With the comparisons between direct trade and embodied transfers, this work provides a more systematic perspective on the tele-connected crude oil networks. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordCrude oil Embodied energy Input-output analysis Complex network Energy security
DOI10.1016/j.energy.2020.119359
WOS KeywordINTERNATIONAL-TRADE ; DIVERSIFICATION INDEX ; SUPPLY CHAIN ; CHINA ; PRICE ; EVOLUTION ; CONSUMPTION ; TRANSFERS ; VOLATILITY ; INDICATORS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectPriority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA20010102] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41701135] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41871120] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41871118] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0602804]
Funding OrganizationPriority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China
WOS Research AreaThermodynamics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS SubjectThermodynamics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS IDWOS:000611853500005
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/160737
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorHan, Mengyao
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Song, Zhouying,Zhu, Qiaoling,Han, Mengyao. Tele-connection of global crude oil network: Comparisons between direct trade and embodied flows[J]. ENERGY,2021,217:13.
APA Song, Zhouying,Zhu, Qiaoling,&Han, Mengyao.(2021).Tele-connection of global crude oil network: Comparisons between direct trade and embodied flows.ENERGY,217,13.
MLA Song, Zhouying,et al."Tele-connection of global crude oil network: Comparisons between direct trade and embodied flows".ENERGY 217(2021):13.
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