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Exploring the outflow of population from poor areas and its main influencing factors
Wu, Yifan1; Zhou, Yang1,2,3; Liu, Yansui2,3
2020-05-01
Source PublicationHABITAT INTERNATIONAL
ISSN0197-3975
Volume99Pages:10
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Yansui(liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractPopulation outflow, one of the essential causes of rural decline, increasingly weakens and hollows rural main bodies, which is particularly detrimental for poor areas. Although a plethora of scholars have focused on the characteristics and driving mechanisms of this form of migration in macro-scale research, few studies have closely addressed the outflow process and determinants of the floating populations from rural impoverished areas. This study investigated Fuping County, which is one of the national designated poverty-stricken counties in China, as a typical study case. Using first-hand data, obtained from questionnaire surveys, together with an ordinal logistic regression model, the results showed that in poor areas, outflow working helps to increase the income of job-seekers 1.37 times; however, in turn, this causes demographic-structural imbalances of the rural population. Household ties and basic living conditions can restrain a certain number of rural labors from migrating into urban regions, even though a spatial mismatch exists between high-income demands and high-income opportunities. The quantity of the floating population shows a typical U-shaped trend with the expansion of the flow range, and, because of the "agglomeration shadow" effect, urban regions within the province (17.67%) are less attractive than metropolises outside the province (19.67%). The promotion of a rural revitalization strategy urgently needs to retain the outflowing populations and stimulate the vitality of rural areas; thus, this study calls for a more targeted policy design, considering the employment preference and actual demands of the rural to urban floating population.
KeywordRural pauperization Floating population Influencing factors Ordinal logistic regression Rural revitalization China
DOI10.1016/j.habitatint.2020.102161
WOS KeywordSETTLEMENT INTENTION ; FLOATING POPULATION ; POVERTY ALLEVIATION ; LAND CONSOLIDATION ; LABOR MOBILITY ; RURAL MIGRANTS ; CHINA ; VILLAGES ; POLICY ; DETERMINANTS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41931293] ; National Key Research and Development Program[2017YFC0504701]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Key Research and Development Program
WOS Research AreaDevelopment Studies ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public Administration ; Urban Studies
WOS SubjectDevelopment Studies ; Environmental Studies ; Regional & Urban Planning ; Urban Studies
WOS IDWOS:000530641400002
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:7[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/159753
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Yansui
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Geog Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Assessment & Res Targeted Poverty Alleviat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Yifan,Zhou, Yang,Liu, Yansui. Exploring the outflow of population from poor areas and its main influencing factors[J]. HABITAT INTERNATIONAL,2020,99:10.
APA Wu, Yifan,Zhou, Yang,&Liu, Yansui.(2020).Exploring the outflow of population from poor areas and its main influencing factors.HABITAT INTERNATIONAL,99,10.
MLA Wu, Yifan,et al."Exploring the outflow of population from poor areas and its main influencing factors".HABITAT INTERNATIONAL 99(2020):10.
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