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Spatial pattern and developing mechanism of railway geo-systems based on track gauge: A case study of Eurasia
Wang, Chengjin1,2,3; Li, Xumao1,2,3; Chen, Peiran1,2,3; Xie, Yongshun1,2,3; Liu, Weidong1,2,3
2020-08-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1009-637X
Volume30Issue:8Pages:1283-1306
Corresponding AuthorWang, Chengjin(cjwang@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractThe railway is an indispensable feature of a nation's infrastructure, and the gauge is an internal and objective technical regulation of the railway. In the large-scale regional space, the track gauges reflect the development differences, historical relations and mutual influences between countries and regions. This makes the railway, originally as a regional connection, have special social, political, military and other multiple attributes. Based on this, the paper, from the perspective of railway gauge, takes the Eurasian continent as the case region to explore the spatial pattern, formation mechanism and organizational mode of communication of the Eurasian continental railway geo-system. The results show that 11 kinds of railway gauge structures exist in Eurasia, which respectively belong to three types of wide-gauge, standard-gauge, and narrow-gauge, but the mainstream gauge only includes 1520 mm, 1435 mm and 1067 mm. Considerable variation in the coverage length and space range of different gauges is apparent, which provides a physical and technological basis for railway system differentiation and network fragmentation, which leads to the formation of eight railway geo-systems. Due to different modes for railway transport management in different geographical locations, the geographical pattern and geographical relationship of four transport organizations are formed. What especially important is the emergence of "1435 gauge space" and "1520 gauge space", as well as the railway geo-space confrontation between them, on the Eurasian continent. Besides, we also find that the railway geo-system of Eurasia is mainly affected by the technology dissemination, path dependence, geopolitics, national defense and the colonial expansion of military latitude, and on this basis, five geo-modes of railway gauge propagation are formed.
Keywordrailway railway geosystem development mechanism expansion mode
DOI10.1007/s11442-020-1782-z
WOS KeywordTRANSPORTATION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the CAS[XDA20010101] ; Key Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-ZS-2017-4]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the CAS ; Key Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000547895400005
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/158423
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Chengjin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resource & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Chengjin,Li, Xumao,Chen, Peiran,et al. Spatial pattern and developing mechanism of railway geo-systems based on track gauge: A case study of Eurasia[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2020,30(8):1283-1306.
APA Wang, Chengjin,Li, Xumao,Chen, Peiran,Xie, Yongshun,&Liu, Weidong.(2020).Spatial pattern and developing mechanism of railway geo-systems based on track gauge: A case study of Eurasia.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,30(8),1283-1306.
MLA Wang, Chengjin,et al."Spatial pattern and developing mechanism of railway geo-systems based on track gauge: A case study of Eurasia".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 30.8(2020):1283-1306.
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