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Reconsidering the efficiency of grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau
Sun, Jian1; Liu, Miao1; Fu, Bojie2,3; Kemp, David4; Zhao, Wenwu3; Liu, Guohua2; Han, Guodong5; Wilkes, Andreas6; Lu, Xuyang7; Chen, Youchao8; Cheng, Genwei7; Zhou, Tiancai1; Hou, Ge1; Zhan, Tianyu1; Peng, Fei9; Shang, Hua10; Xu, Ming1,10,11; Shi, Peili1; He, Yongtao1; Li, Meng1; Wang, Jinniu12; Tsunekawa, Atsushi13; Zhou, Huakun14; Liu, Yu1; Li, Yurui1; Liu, Shiliang15
2020-08-30
Source PublicationSCIENCE BULLETIN
ISSN2095-9273
Volume65Issue:16Pages:1405-1414
Corresponding AuthorSun, Jian(sunjian@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Liu, Guohua(ghliu@rcees.ac.cn)
AbstractGrazing exclusion using fences is a key policy being applied by the Chinese government to rehabilitate degraded grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and elsewhere. However, there is a limited understanding of the effects of grazing exclusion on alpine ecosystem functions and services and its impacts on herders' livelihoods. Our meta-analyses and questionnaire-based surveys revealed that grazing exclusion with fences was effective in promoting aboveground vegetation growth for up to four years in degraded alpine meadows and for up to eight years in the alpine steppes of the TP. Longer-term fencing did not bring any ecological and economic benefits. We also found that fencing hindered wildlife movement, increased grazing pressure in unfenced areas, lowered the satisfaction of herders, and rendered substantial financial costs to both regional and national governments. We recommend that traditional free grazing should be encouraged if applicable, short-term fencing (for 4-8 years) should be adopted in severely degraded grasslands, and fencing should be avoided in key wildlife habitat areas, especially the protected large mammal species. (C) 2020 Science China Press. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science China Press. All rights reserved.
KeywordGrazing exclusion Wildlife Grazing Grassland management Drought Tibetan Plateau
DOI10.1016/j.scib.2020.04.035
WOS KeywordALPINE GRASSLANDS ; LANDSCAPE CONNECTIVITY ; ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS ; WILDLIFE ; CARBON ; CONSERVATION ; DIVERSITY ; STABILITY ; NITROGEN ; BEHAVIOR
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectSecond Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program[2019QZKK0405] ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative[KFJ-STS-QYZD060] ; State Key Research Development Program of China[2016YFC0501802] ; State Key Research Development Program of China[2016YFC0501803] ; State Key Research Development Program of China[2016YFC0502002] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41871040] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41501057] ; Innovative Research Team of the Ministry of Education of China[IRT_17R59] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities
Funding OrganizationSecond Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative ; State Key Research Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Innovative Research Team of the Ministry of Education of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000548336900016
PublisherELSEVIER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:22[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/158389
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorSun, Jian; Liu, Guohua
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Synth Res Ctr Chinese Ecosyst Res Network, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Ecosyst Network Observat & Modelling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, State Key Lab Urban & Reg Ecol, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Geog Sci, State Key Lab Earth Surface Proc & Resource Ecol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
4.Agr Syst Charles Sturt Univ, Orange, NSW 2800, Australia
5.Inner Mongolia Agr Univ, Coll Grassland Resources & Environm,Key Lab Forag, Inner Mongolia Key Lab Grassland Management & Uti, Minist Agr & Rural Affairs,Minist Educ,Key Lab Gr, Hohhot 010011, Peoples R China
6.Values Dev Ltd, Bury St Edmunds IP33 3EQ, Suffolk, England
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazard & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Wuhan Bot Garden, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China
9.Chinese Acad Sci, Northwest Inst Ecoenvironm & Resources, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China
10.Rutgers State Univ, Sch Environm & Biol Sci, Dept Ecol Evolut & Nat Resources, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 USA
11.Henan Univ, Coll Environm & Planning, Kaifeng 475004, Peoples R China
12.Chinese Acad Sci, Chengdu Inst Biol, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
13.Tottori Univ, Arid Land Res Ctr, Tottori 6800001, Japan
14.Chinese Acad Sci, Northwest Inst Plateau Biol, Key Lab Restorat Ecol Cold Reg Qinghai, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
15.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Environm, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, Jian,Liu, Miao,Fu, Bojie,et al. Reconsidering the efficiency of grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau[J]. SCIENCE BULLETIN,2020,65(16):1405-1414.
APA Sun, Jian.,Liu, Miao.,Fu, Bojie.,Kemp, David.,Zhao, Wenwu.,...&Liu, Shiliang.(2020).Reconsidering the efficiency of grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau.SCIENCE BULLETIN,65(16),1405-1414.
MLA Sun, Jian,et al."Reconsidering the efficiency of grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau".SCIENCE BULLETIN 65.16(2020):1405-1414.
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