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Quantifying Water Scarcity in Northern China Within the Context of Climatic and Societal Changes and South-to-North Water Diversion
Yin, Yuanyuan1,2,3; Wang, Lei1,2,4; Wang, Zhongjing5; Tang, Qiuhong4,6; Piao, Shilong7; Chen, Deliang8; Xia, Jun9; Conradt, Tobias10; Liu, Junguo11; Wada, Yoshihide12; Cai, Ximing13; Xie, Zhenghui14; Duan, Qingyun15; Li, Xiuping1,2; Zhou, Jing1,2; Zhang, Jianyun16
2020-08-01
Source PublicationEARTHS FUTURE
Volume8Issue:8Pages:17
Corresponding AuthorWang, Lei(wanglei@itpcas.ac.cn)
AbstractWith the increasing pressure from population growth and economic development, northern China (NC) faces a grand challenge of water scarcity, which can be further exacerbated by climatic and societal changes. The South-to-North Water Diversion (SNWD) project is designed to mitigate the water scarcity in NC. However, few studies have quantified the impact of the SNWD on water scarcity within the context of climatic and societal changes and its potential effects on economic and agricultural food in the region. We used water supply stress index (WaSSI) to quantify water scarcity within the context of environmental change in NC and developed a method to estimate the economic and agricultural impacts of the SNWD. Focuses were put on alleviating the water supply shortage and economic and agricultural benefits for the water-receiving NC. We find that societal changes, especially economic growth, are the major contributors to water scarcity in NC during 2009-2099. To completely mitigate the water scarcity of NC, at least an additional water supply of 13 billion m(3)/year (comparable to the annual diversion water by SNWD Central Route) will be necessary. Although SNWD alone cannot provide the full solution to NC's water shortage in next few decades, it can significantly alleviate the water supply stress in NC (particularly Beijing), considerably increasing the agricultural production (more than 115 Tcal/year) and bringing economic benefits (more than 51 billion RMB/year) through supplying industrial and domestic water use. Additionally, the transfer project could have impacts on the ecological environment in the exporting regions.
DOI10.1029/2020EF001492
WOS KeywordTRANSFER PROJECT ; RIVER-BASIN ; BENEFIT ASSESSMENT ; INTEGRATED MODEL ; IMPACTS ; RESOURCES ; CHALLENGES ; MANAGEMENT ; ROUTE ; CONSUMPTION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA20060202] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19070301] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41901046] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[91747201] ; German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)[01LS1201A]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000565640100010
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/157957
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Lei
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Tibetan Environm Changes & Land Surface P, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.CAS Ctr Excellence Tibetan Plateau Earth Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Proc, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Hydraul Engn, State Key Lab Hydrosci & Engn, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
8.Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Reg Climate Grp, Gothenburg, Sweden
9.Wuhan Univ, State Key Lab Water Resources & Hydropower Engn S, Wuhan, Peoples R China
10.Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res, Potsdam, Germany
11.Southern Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
12.Int Inst Appl Syst Anal IIASA, Schlosspl, Laxenburg, Austria
13.Univ Illinois, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Ven Te Chow Hydrosyst Lab, Urbana, IL USA
14.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, State Key Lab Numer Modeling Atmospher Sci & Geop, Beijing, Peoples R China
15.Hohai Univ, Coll Hydrol & Water Resources, State Key Lab Hydrol Water Resources & Hydraul En, Nanjing, Peoples R China
16.Nanjing Hydraul Res Inst, State Key Lab Hydrol Water Resources & Hydraul En, Nanjing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yin, Yuanyuan,Wang, Lei,Wang, Zhongjing,et al. Quantifying Water Scarcity in Northern China Within the Context of Climatic and Societal Changes and South-to-North Water Diversion[J]. EARTHS FUTURE,2020,8(8):17.
APA Yin, Yuanyuan.,Wang, Lei.,Wang, Zhongjing.,Tang, Qiuhong.,Piao, Shilong.,...&Zhang, Jianyun.(2020).Quantifying Water Scarcity in Northern China Within the Context of Climatic and Societal Changes and South-to-North Water Diversion.EARTHS FUTURE,8(8),17.
MLA Yin, Yuanyuan,et al."Quantifying Water Scarcity in Northern China Within the Context of Climatic and Societal Changes and South-to-North Water Diversion".EARTHS FUTURE 8.8(2020):17.
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