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Iran's Agriculture in the Anthropocene
Maghrebi, Mohsen1; Noori, Roohollah1; Bhattarai, Rabin2; Mundher Yaseen, Zaher3; Tang, Qiuhong4,5; Al-Ansari, Nadhir6; Danandeh Mehr, Ali7; Karbassi, Abdolreza1; Omidvar, Javad8; Farnoush, Hossein9; Torabi Haghighi, Ali10; Klove, Bjorn10; Madani, Kaveh11,12
2020-09-01
Source PublicationEARTHS FUTURE
Volume8Issue:9Pages:15
Corresponding AuthorNoori, Roohollah(noor@ut.ac.ir)
AbstractThe anthropogenic impacts of development and frequent droughts have limited Iran's water availability. This has major implications for Iran's agricultural sector which is responsible for about 90% of water consumption at the national scale. This study investigates if declining water availability impacted agriculture in Iran. Using the Mann-Kendall and Sen's slope estimator methods, we explored the changes in Iran's agricultural production and area during the 1981-2013 period. Despite decreasing water availability during this period, irrigated agricultural production and area continuously increased. This unsustainable agricultural development, which would have been impossible without the overabstraction of surface and ground water resources, has major long-term water, food, environmental, and human security implications for Iran. Plain Language Summary Given the heavy reliance of the agricultural sector on water availability, it is important to examine if Iran's agriculture has been impacted by water availability changes in recent decades. The investigation of the long-term impacts of natural water availability changes on agricultural activities in the country during the 1981-2013 period revealed that the agricultural sector in Iran continued to expand regardless of decreasing water availability in the country. This expansion was facilitated by the excessive use of nonrenewable water resources which has significant environmental and socioeconomic implications. Key Points Trends in Iran's agricultural production and area did not follow natural water availability changes due to meteorological variability Iran's agricultural production continuously increased despite water availability reduction during 1981-2013 The unsustainable growth of Iran's agriculture has important water, food, environmental, economic, and human security implications
DOI10.1029/2020EF001547
WOS KeywordCLIMATE-CHANGE ; RAFSANJAN PLAIN ; TIME-SERIES ; GROUNDWATER ; WHEAT ; CHALLENGES ; SUBSIDENCE ; IMPACTS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000576405800005
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:18[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/157030
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorNoori, Roohollah
Affiliation1.Univ Tehran, Sch Environm, Coll Engn, Tehran, Iran
2.Univ Illinois, Dept Agr & Biol Engn, Urbana, IL USA
3.Duy Tan Univ, Inst Res & Dev, Da Nang, Vietnam
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Proc, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Lulea Univ Technol, Civil Environm & Nat Resources Engn, Lulea, Sweden
7.Antalya Bilim Univ, Civil Engn Dept, Antalya, Turkey
8.Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Sch Agr, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran
9.Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Coll Engn, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran
10.Univ Oulu, Fac Technol, Water Energy & Environm Engn Res Unit, Oulu, Finland
11.Yale Univ, Whitney & Betty MacMillan Ctr Int & Area Studies, Council Middle East Studies, New Haven, CT USA
12.Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Maghrebi, Mohsen,Noori, Roohollah,Bhattarai, Rabin,et al. Iran's Agriculture in the Anthropocene[J]. EARTHS FUTURE,2020,8(9):15.
APA Maghrebi, Mohsen.,Noori, Roohollah.,Bhattarai, Rabin.,Mundher Yaseen, Zaher.,Tang, Qiuhong.,...&Madani, Kaveh.(2020).Iran's Agriculture in the Anthropocene.EARTHS FUTURE,8(9),15.
MLA Maghrebi, Mohsen,et al."Iran's Agriculture in the Anthropocene".EARTHS FUTURE 8.9(2020):15.
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